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Galax Galax urceolata

Other Common Name(s):

Previously known as:

  • Galax aphylla
Phonetic Spelling
GAY-laks ur-see-oh-LAH-tuh
Description

Galax is a North Carolina native that exhibits shiny, long-stalked, roundish heart-shaped leaves, 2-5 in. wide.  It is a perennial with bright green leaves in summer that become bronzed to reddish in winter.  Small white feathery flowers arranged in a narrow cluster on a naked stalk rise above the leaves in late spring or early summer. The flower stalks are 8-15 inches high.

Galax prefers cool, moist sites with partial shade. It is common to the NC mountains and Piedmont, but unusual in the coastal areas. It grows in slow expanding clumps and its flowers attract bees. 

 

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#white#partial shade#perennial#wildlife plant#native perennial#nectar plant#winter interest#NC native#summer flowers#spring interest#pollinator plant#wildflower garden#food source fall#food source herbage#FACU Piedmont Mountains#FACU Coastal#audubon
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#white#partial shade#perennial#wildlife plant#native perennial#nectar plant#winter interest#NC native#summer flowers#spring interest#pollinator plant#wildflower garden#food source fall#food source herbage#FACU Piedmont Mountains#FACU Coastal#audubon
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Galax
    Species:
    urceolata
    Family:
    Diapensiaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Ohio to South Eastern U.S.A
    Distribution:
    Southeastern US (except Florida); expanding northward and into the Midwest.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 1 ft. 0 in. - 15 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 0 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Perennial
    Wildflower
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Clumping
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b
  • Fruit:
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Description:
    Displays from August to October
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Spike
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Description:
    Small white feathery flowers arranged in a narrow cluster on a naked stalk that rises above the leaves. Blooms from May to July
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Hairs Present:
    No
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Slope/Bank
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Attracts:
    Pollinators