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Claret Ash Fraxinus oxycarpa 'Raywood'

Other Common Name(s):

Previously known as:

  • Fraxinus angustifolia ‘Raywood’
  • Fraxinus angustifolia subsp. oxycarpa 'Raywood'
Phonetic Spelling
FRAKS-i-nus oks-i-KAR-pa
Description

Raywood ash is a broadleaf deciduous tree cultivar in the Oleaceae (olive) family and is native to Asia and Europe. The tree can grow up to 80 feet tall but generally is 40-50 feet tall and 25-30 feet wide. It matures to an oval crown and is deer and drought tolerant once established. This tree is reported to produce male flowers only so no fruits are produced to be cleaned up. However, some trees have produced female flowers and fruits. This tree is reportedly resistant to anthracnose foliage disease and Ash Lygus bug which attacks other Ashes. The fall color is a nice purple.

Raywood ash needs full sun and prefers well-drained soils. Use as a shade tree for the yard or as a street tree. It is not too picky about soils types or pH. 

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: No pests or diseases are of major concern, although possibly borers.  The tree is prone to toppling and can be hard to establish.

VIDEO created by Ryan Contreras for “Landscape Plant Materials I:  Deciduous Hardwoods and Conifers or Landscape Plant Materials II:  Spring Flowering Trees and Shrubs” a plant identification course offered by the Department of Horticulture at Oregon State University

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Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#shade tree#drought tolerant#fall interest#street tree#deer resistant#deciduous tree#fall color purple#sun#landscape plant sleuths course
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#shade tree#drought tolerant#fall interest#street tree#deer resistant#deciduous tree#fall color purple#sun#landscape plant sleuths course
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Fraxinus
    Species:
    oxycarpa
    Family:
    Oleaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Dimensions:
    Height: 40 ft. 0 in. - 80 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 25 ft. 0 in. - 30 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Oval
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Texture:
    Fine
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Occasionally Dry
    Occasionally Wet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8b, 8a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Description:
    Usually doesn't produce fruits
  • Flowers:
    Flower Description:
    Insignificant male flowers in spring. Rarely produces female flowers
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Smooth
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Purple/Lavender
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Whorled
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Lanceolate
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    The pinnately compound leaves have 7-9 leaflets that are 2-4 inches long and elliptic to lanceolate in shape. Margins are serrated. The leaves are oppositely arranged and may have whorls of 3-4 leaves at the ends of branches. Fall color is purplish.
  • Bark:
    Bark Description:
    Light gray bark that starts out smooth and becomes more rough with age.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gray/Silver
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Surface:
    Smooth (glabrous)
    Stem Description:
    Twigs are brown to gray
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Lawn
    Landscape Theme:
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Design Feature:
    Shade Tree
    Street Tree
    Attracts:
    Small Mammals
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Drought