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Ficus lyrata

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
FY-kus ly-RAY-tuh
Description

Small tropical tree, commonly grown as a houseplant.  When mature they can make a great focal point in a living room or office space. They prefer bright light and average humidity. They are sensitive to overwatering and will lose their leaves.  Not quite as easy to grow as a rubber plant.

Quick ID Hints:

  • Leaves are LARGE, leathery and FIDDLE-SHAPED
  • Leaves are bullate and not glossy

Evergreen shrub or tree to 39', erect with spreading crown, sometimes initially epiphytic in the wild.

Prized for large, leathery, fiddle-shaped (and -sized) leaves; fruit is seldom seen in interior sites; texturally heavy plant best for large spaces; cut surfaces will exude and drip sap; in the wild, often starts as epiphyte and strangles host. 

Prefers medium to high light, dry soil and medium relative humidity with a temperature of greater than 55 degrees F; pest/disease problems.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#houseplant#tree#fantz#problem for cats#problem for dogs#problem for horses#tropical feel
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#houseplant#tree#fantz#problem for cats#problem for dogs#problem for horses#tropical feel
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Ficus
    Species:
    lyrata
    Family:
    Moraceae
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    W. Central Tropical Africa
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Description:
    A globose fig, finely pubescent, solitary or in pairs, green with white flecks, 1 x 1 ".
  • Flowers:
    Flower Description:
    Minute, axillary, unisexual, enclosed in fleshy receptacle (fig), entered by apical orifice and pollinated by fig wasps.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Leathery
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Cordate
    Obovate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    It has attractive oval and semi-lobed thick leathery green leaves. Some of the leaves resemble fiddles, hence the common name. Leaves have prominent veins and can grow 12 inches long and 5 inches wide. Alternate, simple, large, obovate to lyrate, apex truncate to obtuse, base cordate, bullate, initially finely pubescent and later glabrous, coriaceous, medium green, to 1.5 x 1'.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Scarcely branched in younger specimens, stiff and sturdy; without aerial roots.
  • Landscape:
    Problems:
    Problem for Cats
    Problem for Dogs
    Problem for Horses