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Euonymus atropurpureus

Previously known as:

  • Euonymus atropurpurea
  • Euonymus caroliniensis
Phonetic Spelling
yoo-ON-ih-mus at-ro-pur-PURR-ee-us
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Eastern Wahoo is a large deciduous shrub native central and eastern USA in the bittersweet family. In NC it is found scattered in the Piedmont and mountain areas. Its native habitat is open woods, stream banks, and moist woods. The flowers appear in spring and are not very ornamental. The bright red fruits mature in fall and are the shrub's best feature.

Eastern Wahoo tolerates most soil types as long as they are well-drained and can be grown in full sun to partial shade. Use as a hedge or screen in or naturalized and woodland settings.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#native shrub#NC native#large shrub#problem for cats#problem for dogs#problem for horses
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#native shrub#NC native#large shrub#problem for cats#problem for dogs#problem for horses
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Euonymus
    Species:
    atropurpureus
    Family:
    Celastraceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Candada and Eastern to Mid U.S.A, NC
    Distribution:
    AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , MT , NC , ND , NE , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , TX , VA , WI , WV. Ontario and Nova Scotia
    Wildlife Value:
    Birds are attracted to the fruits. Flowers attract small bees and flies. Caterpillars of moths feed on the leaves.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 15 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 15 ft. 0 in. - 25 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Shrub
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4b, 4a, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7b, 7a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    The capsule splits to reveal 4 bright red fleshy seeds
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Purple/Lavender
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Insignificant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Description:
    4 dark purple petaled flowers with whitish anthers in late spring
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    oppositely arranged simple elliptical 2 1/2"-4" long finely serrated long pointed pale under-sided leaf
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Green
    Red/Burgundy
    Bark Description:
    thin greenish-brown to reddish brown bark
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Woodland
    Design Feature:
    Hedge
    Screen/Privacy
    Attracts:
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Black Walnut
    Problems:
    Problem for Cats
    Problem for Dogs
    Problem for Horses
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    Vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, weakness. Heart rhythm abnormalities with large doses.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Alkaloids, Cardenolides
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No