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Lyonia mariana

Phonetic Spelling
ly-OH-nee-ah may-ree-AH-nah
This plant has high severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Fetterbush is a native shrub of moist sandy sites in the coastal plains. It is listed as endangered in several northern states. Fetterbush is found in moist to wet, sandy or peaty soils in swamps and moist or dry forests in filtered shade to full sun. However, it is adaptable to loamy garden soils with consistent moisture. It spreads by rhizomes. Use in naturalized areas, as a hedge or wet sites.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#deciduous#fall color#poisonous#shrub#wildlife plant#nectar plant#native shrub#native bees#specialized bees#NC native#native garden#pollinator plant
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#deciduous#fall color#poisonous#shrub#wildlife plant#nectar plant#native shrub#native bees#specialized bees#NC native#native garden#pollinator plant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Lyonia
    Species:
    mariana
    Family:
    Ericaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    The Cherokee use an infusion of the plant for toe itch, 'ground-itch' and ulcers
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    SE and Central U.SA., NC
    Distribution:
    : AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , LA , MD , MO , NC , NJ , NY , OK , PA , RI , SC , TX , VA
    Wildlife Value:
    Fetterbush is a nectar plant. Members of the genus Lyonia support the following specialized bees: Colletes productu and Melitta (Cilissa) melittoides.
    Play Value:
    Attracts Pollinators
    Wildlife Cover/Habitat
    Wildlife Food Source
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Poisonous
    Shrub
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Occasionally Wet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Black
    Brown/Copper
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    Oval 5 parted seed capsule
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Umbel
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Tubular
    Urn
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    fused petals
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Small, white or pink, urn-shaped to tubular blooms that droop in terminal clusters.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Leathery
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Obovate
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Description:
    Leathery green leaves with red fall color
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Pink
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Naturalized Area
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Hedge
    Attracts:
    Pollinators
    Specialized Bees
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Poor Soil
    Wet Soil
    Problems:
    Poisonous to Humans
    Problem for Horses
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    High
    Poison Symptoms:
    Signs of Toxicity occur usually within six hours of consuming the plant. Symptoms include lack of coordination, excessive salivation, abdominal pain, bloating, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headache, weakness, muscular spasms, watering of eyes and nose, slow pulse, colic, ataxia, depression, sweating, tingling of skin, convulsions, paralysis, coma, and sometimes even death. Toxicity in sheep, goats, cattle, and horses is most likely to occur in late winter or early spring when other forage is not available. Livestock are found down, unable to stand with their head weaving from side to side.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Andromedotoxin
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Flowers
    Leaves