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Epimedium sempervirens

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
ep-ih-MEE-dee-um sem-per-VEE-renz
Description

Bishops Hat is a drought-tolerant ground cover for the shade garden that spreads by rhizomes. It prefers light to moderate shade in average to organically enriched, medium moist, well-drained, acidic soil. The 1-2 inch blooms are held above the foliage in tightly packed racemes in spring and range in color from white to purple depending on the cultivar. The plant will form nice clumps in time. The foliage is also attractive with spring and fall color changes. It is evergreen in zones 7 and above.

Use Bishops Hat in shady borders, rock gardens, woodland areas or line a walkway.

Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Cherry Hearts'
    Red edged foliage
  • ‘Royal Flush’
    Redder spring foliage
  • 'Violet'
    Lavender flowers
Tags:
#evergreen#showy flowers#fall color#white flowers#purple flowers#shade tolerant#showy leaves#spring flowers#groundcover
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Cherry Hearts'
    Red edged foliage
  • ‘Royal Flush’
    Redder spring foliage
  • 'Violet'
    Lavender flowers
Tags:
#evergreen#showy flowers#fall color#white flowers#purple flowers#shade tolerant#showy leaves#spring flowers#groundcover
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Epimedium
    Species:
    sempervirens
    Family:
    Berberidaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Japan
    Dimensions:
    Height: 1 ft. 0 in. - 2 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 0 in. - 2 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Ground Cover
    Perennial
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Deciduous
    Semi-evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Clumping
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Raceme
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Tubular
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    1-2 inch spidery blooms in racemes of 8-10 flowers have long recurved spurs. Bloom time is April-May.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Deciduous
    Semi-evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Red/Burgundy
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Leaf Shape:
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Compound, medium green leaves with pointed, heart-shaped leaflets on wiry stems is red tinge in spring, green in summer and yellow, red, or bronze in fall
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Small Space
    Walkways
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Rock Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border