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Enkianthus campanulatus

Description

A deciduous shrub in the Ericaceae family with a narrowly upright habit of layered branches and tufted foliage. It prefers acidic, moist, well-drained soil.  It will suffer in dry weather but does well in clay soils. Excellent, smooth, warm brown bark.  It blooms on last year's growth so prune immediately after flowering so you do not remove next year's buds.  Plant as a specimen along a foundation or use in small groups in shrub borders.  Rhododendrons have the same soil requirements so they are good planting companions.  

Seasons of Interest:

     Foliage: Fall   Bark: Winter

Quick ID Hints:

  • Seed capsules look like dried, upturned bells
  • Leaves with hairy margins are crowded at branch tips
  • Flowers are bell-shaped, nodding, in racemes
  • Deciduous small tree or shrub, tiered branches

Deciduous shrub or small tree to 16', upright and narrowly rounded.

Blooms in late spring; fall color is brilliant yellow to orange or red; interesting growth habit (tiered) and fall color; most are seed-grown and must be vegetatively propagated to perpetuate a particular fall color; seed capsules are unusual-looking and are prized for dried arrangements. 

Tolerant full sun or partial shade; intolerant drought; prefers well-drained, moist, acid soil; no serious pest/disease problems.

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Albiflorus'
  • 'Red Bells'
  • 'Renoir'
  • 'Showy Lantern'
Tags:
#bees#showy flowers#deciduous#bark#interesting bark#specimen#wildlife plant#nectar plant#winter interest#fall interest#mass planting#clay soil#specialized bees#shrub border#small groups#pollinator plant#fantz
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Albiflorus'
  • 'Red Bells'
  • 'Renoir'
  • 'Showy Lantern'
Tags:
#bees#showy flowers#deciduous#bark#interesting bark#specimen#wildlife plant#nectar plant#winter interest#fall interest#mass planting#clay soil#specialized bees#shrub border#small groups#pollinator plant#fantz
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Enkianthus
    Species:
    campanulatus
    Family:
    Ericaceae
    Wildlife Value:
    Members of the genus Campanula support the following specialized bee: Colletes brevicornis.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 6 ft. 0 in. - 16 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 4 ft. 0 in. - 6 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    3 feet-6 feet
    6-feet-12 feet
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    An ovoid, dehiscent capsule, 5-valved, borne upright on a recurved pedicel.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Pink
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Raceme
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Flower Shape:
    Bell
    Urn
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    A cluster of creamy white, small 1/2" long, bell or urn-shaped flowers in pendulous racemes appear in spring. They have red or pink veins and edges; borne on the previous year's growth. Blooms are similar to Pieris, which is in the same family. Corymbose raceme, pendulous, terminal. (5-15) pale cream to light orange, veined with red, fragrant, corolla campanulate, 5-lobed.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Blue
    Green
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Orange
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Glossy, bright to medium blue-green to olive green leaves clustered at the ends of branches. Brilliant yellow and red-orange fall color; varies among seedlings. Alternate, crowded at end of branches, simple, elliptic to obovate, acuminate, cuneate, serrate with aristate teeth, scattered bristly hairs above and on veins beneath, 1-3.5"
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Surface/Attachment:
    Smooth
    Bark Description:
    Smooth brown bark
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Slender, tiered, reddish to brown.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Pollinator Garden
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Foundation Planting
    Mass Planting
    Small groups
    Attracts:
    Pollinators
    Specialized Bees