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Pleated leaves Crocosmia paniculata

Previously known as:

  • Curtonus paniculatus
Phonetic Spelling
kroh-KOZ-mee-ah pan-ik-yah-LA-tah
Description

Crocosmia paniculata is a herbaceous evergreen perennial that typically grows in clumps.  It surfaces from a corm that will feature crimped basal green leaves and showy zig-zag red spikes of flowers.  

The purplish-green floral bracts have a leathery feel. 

Although cold hardy, it is not likely to withstand freezing temperatures.  If grown in cold temperature climates, the corms can be lifted for the winter, or a layer of mulch can be applied to protect the corms from freezing.

Division can be accomplished after dieback occurs following its bloom period, or in the early spring before growth starts.

An aroma similar to saffron will emerge when dried flowers are placed in warm water. The dried flowers also produce an orange dye.

It can be found growing on moist rocky and grassy slopes, and forest edges.

Insects, Diseases and Other Plant Problems:  Regions with hot, dry summers will subject the plant to foliage damage from the red spider. 

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Cally Greyleaf'
    Blue-grey-silver foliage
'Cally Greyleaf'
Tags:
#bulb#perennial#perennial bulb#herbaceous#herbaceous perennial#cold hardy
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Cally Greyleaf'
    Blue-grey-silver foliage
'Cally Greyleaf'
Tags:
#bulb#perennial#perennial bulb#herbaceous#herbaceous perennial#cold hardy
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Crocosmia
    Species:
    paniculata
    Family:
    Iridaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Bulb
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Tropical and eastern South Africa
    Wildlife Value:
    Attracts birds that pollinate and spread the seed as well as butterflies and hummingbirds.
    Play Value:
    Attractive Flowers
    Attracts Pollinators
    Colorful
    Easy to Grow
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Bulb
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Perennial
    Habit/Form:
    Arching
    Clumping
    Erect
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Drainage:
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    Less than 12 inches
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5a, 5b, 6b, 6a, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Length:
    > 3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    Capsules 6" long
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Orange
    Red/Burgundy
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Spike
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Good Cut
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Trumpet
    Tubular
    Flower Petals:
    asymmetrical petals
    Bracts
    Flower Description:
    Zig-zag, outward arching spikes with two rows of 10-22 flowers on the upper side. Flowers are two-lipped. It has green bracts that turn reddish-brown. The flowers are orange to red with unequal tubular petals.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Rosulate
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Pleated leaves make this a strong accent plant.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Form:
    Zig Zags
    Stem Description:
    Relatively thick with 2-5 branches that are sometimes also branched.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Meadow
    Patio
    Pond
    Slope/Bank
    Vertical Spaces
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Border
    Mass Planting
    Small groups
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Butterflies
    Hummingbirds