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Carriere Hawthorn Crataegus x lavalleei

Phonetic Spelling
krah-TEE-gus la-VAHL-lay-ee
Description

Lavalle Hawthorn is a small tree or large shrub in the rose family that is a hybrid between two hawthorns found in 1870 at the Arboretum Segrez in France.  The Arboretum was acquired by Pierre Alphonse Martin Lavelle in 1856.  He was a 19th century botanist and horticulturist.   Further development of this hybrid was accomplished by him, and bears his name. 

It will grow 15-30 feet tall with a dense rounded to irregular form. It may also grow as a multi-stemmed shrub. White flowers occur in spring in clusters with a not so pleasant fragrance and are followed by red-orange berries in the fall that persist into winter. The leaves have good bronzy-red fall colors. Branches have thorns up to 2 inches long.

This variety will grow with a more erect and densely branched form than other varieties.  Being multi-branched, it is sometimes grown as a large shrub.  

It branches boast large thorns, that can be up to 2" long.  

Plant this tree in average well-drained soils in full sun to partial shade. It will tolerate most soil types except wet ones and is drought tolerant once established. Use as a small flowering shade tree or as a hedge or barrier. The thorns prevent it from being used in walkways or children's areas.

Insects, Diseases, and other Plant Problems:   Diseases are a problem with most hawthorns, although Lavelle Hawthorn is reported to have good resistance to rusts and fireblight. Other potential diseases include fungal leaf spots, powdery mildew, cankers, apple scab, leaf blight and twig blight. Potential insect pests include aphids, borers, caterpillars, lacebugs, leafminers, spider mites and scale. 

Its thorns can be hazardous.  Caution should be used when pruning.  

Some call it a fragrance, others, an odor.  It can be unpleasant to some, so locating this tree/shrub away from buildings is recommended.  

 

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#drought tolerant#semi-evergreen#street tree#year-round interest#lawn tree#fire low flammability#edible fruits#deciduous tree#urban conditions tolerant#bird friendly#dry soils tolerant#winter garden#bee friendly#lawn planting#broadleaf#barrier#fall color#hybrid
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#drought tolerant#semi-evergreen#street tree#year-round interest#lawn tree#fire low flammability#edible fruits#deciduous tree#urban conditions tolerant#bird friendly#dry soils tolerant#winter garden#bee friendly#lawn planting#broadleaf#barrier#fall color#hybrid
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Crataegus
    Family:
    Rosaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Barrier, lawn tree, street tree
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    France
    Fire Risk Rating:
    low flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    Birds and bees are attracted to this tree.
    Play Value:
    Attractive Flowers
    Attracts Pollinators
    Colorful
    Edible fruit
    Fragrance
    Wildlife Food Source
    Edibility:
    Berries are edible but not so good.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 15 ft. 0 in. - 30 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 15 ft. 0 in. - 25 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Dense
    Erect
    Oval
    Rounded
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Medium
    Appendage:
    Thorns
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Occasionally Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    12-24 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Orange
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Winter
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    3/8 inch oval brick red to orange-red fruit with brown specks persists into winter.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Corymb
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Star
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    White flowers in spring in 3 inch corymbs.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Long-lasting
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Serrate
    Undulate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    2-4"dark glossy dark green leaves turn bronzy to coppery-red in fall. Margins can be entire, serrated or wavy. Undersides are pubescent.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Dark Gray
    Surface/Attachment:
    Exfoliating
    Bark Description:
    The brown/gray bark is often exfoliating slightly on older wood. When exfoliating, a showy orange/red/rust color under bark is exposed.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Often multistemmed
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Lawn
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Barrier
    Flowering Tree
    Hedge
    Shade Tree
    Specimen
    Street Tree
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Pollinators
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought
    Dry Soil
    Fire
    Urban Conditions
    Problems:
    Frequent Disease Problems
    Frequent Insect Problems