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Copenhagen Hawthorn Crataegus intricata

Description

Entangled Hawthorn is a small native hawthorn that is typically found in open or rocky woodlands, meadows or fields or man-made disturbed areas. Well-drained soil is a must but it grows in a wide variety of soil types and tolerates highly alkaline soils well.  It easily forms dense thickets and with its thorns, it makes a good security plant.  Tolerates drought, air pollution, and wind.  Grows from seed but does best if you plant directly from ripened fruit in the fall for germination next spring.  Stored seed may need acid scarification or cold/hot stratification for 120 days.

Critical features for identification of Crataegus sp.: Flower size, number of stamens, color of anthers, shape and hairiness of the leaves, terminal points of the lateral leaf veins, hairiness of the pedicels, length and curvature of the thorns, and characteristics of the fruit.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#deciduous#small tree#songbirds#drought tolerant#white flowers#wildlife plant#moths#deciduous shrub#nectar plant#native shrub#native bees#spring flowers#air pollution tolerant#erosion control#food source#wind tolerant#NC native#thickets#edible fruits#thorny#alkaline soil tolerant#Braham Arboretum#nesting sites
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#deciduous#small tree#songbirds#drought tolerant#white flowers#wildlife plant#moths#deciduous shrub#nectar plant#native shrub#native bees#spring flowers#air pollution tolerant#erosion control#food source#wind tolerant#NC native#thickets#edible fruits#thorny#alkaline soil tolerant#Braham Arboretum#nesting sites
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Crataegus
    Species:
    intricata
    Family:
    Rosaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    The leaves, berries, and flowers are used in medicines and herbals for cardiovascular health.
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    North America, NC
    Distribution:
    Eastern North America
    Wildlife Value:
    Native bees nectar at the flowers. Important nectar flower for insects; food plant of many moths including the eggar moth; haws provide winter fruit for songbirds. Good nesting habitat with thorns providing protection from predators.
    Play Value:
    Edible fruit
    Wildlife Cover/Habitat
    Wildlife Food Source
    Wildlife Nesting
    Edibility:
    The fruits are edible and sweet but mealy.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Shrub
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Dense
    Multi-stemmed
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Appendage:
    Thorns
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Green
    Orange
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Pome
    Fruit Description:
    Pome with 1-5 pyrenes that resemble the “stones” in related plums, peaches, etc. Sometimes called the ‘haw’.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Description:
    5 petaled white flowers in the spring. Have both male and female parts are pollinated by midges and bees.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Leaf Margin:
    Lobed
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Spirally arranged on long shoots. Lobed or serrated margins, broadest at or below the middle.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Gray
    Light Gray
    Surface/Attachment:
    Fissured
    Smooth
    Bark Description:
    Branches with curved thorns 1-1.5” long; bark smooth and gray, fissuring with age.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Bud Scales:
    Enclosed in more than 2 scales
    Stem Description:
    Stems are brown and red. Winter buds have three or more scales overlapped like shingles
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Meadow
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Edible Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Hedge
    Security
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Songbirds
    Specialized Bees
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought
    Erosion
    Pollution
    Wind