Plant DetailShow Menu

European Hazel Corylus avellana

Phonetic Spelling
KO-ril-us a-ve-LAH-na
Description

Corylus avellana is a large deciduous shrub that is commonly known as the European Hazel. It is native to the British isles, western Asia, and as far south as the Iberian peninsula. It is famous along with other species of the genus Corylus for its production of hazel nuts (cobnuts) though  avellana is the most commonly used for production. It enjoys full sun conditions and produces suckers which may need to be pruned. The shrub produces a thicket of multiple shoots which can grow out of hand if not pruned.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Contorta'
  • 'Fuscorubra'
  • 'Red Majestic'
    Cultivar with purple-red foliage
'Contorta', 'Fuscorubra', 'Red Majestic'
Tags:
#deciduous#European#catkins#fairy garden#whimsical#nut#hazel nut
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Contorta'
  • 'Fuscorubra'
  • 'Red Majestic'
    Cultivar with purple-red foliage
'Contorta', 'Fuscorubra', 'Red Majestic'
Tags:
#deciduous#European#catkins#fairy garden#whimsical#nut#hazel nut
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Corylus
    Species:
    avellana
    Family:
    Betulaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Europe and Western Asia
    Edibility:
    Hazel nuts (cobnuts) are edible and this plant is used in the production of these nuts.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 12 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 12 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Shallow Rocky
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    6-feet-12 feet
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Catkin
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Description:
    Yellow-brown male catkins
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Hairs Present:
    No
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Form:
    Zig Zags
    Stem Description:
    Twisting and winding shoots that form a thicket