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Native alternative(s) for Cornus controversa:
Cornus florida Cornus florida berries
Plants that fill a similar niche:
Aesculus californica Aesculus californica
Cornus kousa Cornus kousa
Quercus nigra Form

Cornus controversa

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
KOR-nus kon-troh-VER-suh
Description

This plant is a medium to a tall ornamental flowering tree that enjoys the sun to partial shade and moist, well-drained soil. The growth rate is moderate to rapid. Its form is picturesque and wide-spreading: this plant has horizontal branches that appear to be "layered".

Attractive to Birds, Pollinators, Butterflies, with showy flowers and fruit.

Seasons of Interest:

   Foliage: Fall    Bloom: Summer, early   Fruit: Summer-Fall, red berries  

Insects, Diseases and Other Problems: Leaf miner and scale are less serious potential insect pests. When stressed, this plant is susceptible to a large number of disease problems, most serious is dogwood anthracnose. Other diseases include powdery mildew, leaf spot, canker, root rot, and leaf & twig blight. It can also become vulnerable to borers. 

 

 

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Shikokumontana aka Hemsl.'
  • 'Variegata'
Tags:
#bees#purple#white#sun#showy flowers#deciduous#fall color#partial shade#cream#white flowers#wildlife plant#tree#nectar plant#shelter#spring flowers#flowering tree#berries#specialized bees#deer resistant#cream flowers#Andrena fragilis#Andrena integra#spring interest#pollinator plant#deciduous tree#bird friendly#butterfly friendly
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Shikokumontana aka Hemsl.'
  • 'Variegata'
Tags:
#bees#purple#white#sun#showy flowers#deciduous#fall color#partial shade#cream#white flowers#wildlife plant#tree#nectar plant#shelter#spring flowers#flowering tree#berries#specialized bees#deer resistant#cream flowers#Andrena fragilis#Andrena integra#spring interest#pollinator plant#deciduous tree#bird friendly#butterfly friendly
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Cornus
    Species:
    controversa
    Family:
    Cornaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    China, Korea, Japan
    Distribution:
    Zones 5-8 across the United States
    Wildlife Value:
    Fruits are attractive to birds, and plants provide nesting sites. Members of the genus Cornus support the following specialized bees: Andrena (Gonandrena) fragilis, Andrena (Gonandrena) integra, and Andrena (Gonandrena) platyparia.
    Play Value:
    Attractive Flowers
    Attracts Pollinators
    Wildlife Cover/Habitat
    Wildlife Food Source
    Wildlife Nesting
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Deer
    Dimensions:
    Height: 35 ft. 0 in. - 45 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 20 ft. 0 in. - 30 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Horizontal
    Rounded
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    24-60 feet
    more than 60 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Black
    Blue
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    This plant has 0.25 in. reddish to purple to blue-black fruit (berries). Fruits are attractive to birds.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Cream/Tan
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Cyme
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    Small, creamy-white flowers appear in flattened clusters (cymes to 3-7” wide) in late spring (May-June). Although individual flowers are small, a tree in full bloom is quite showy.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Purple/Lavender
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    This plant has 3-6 in. alternate, simple leaves that may develop a purple fall color.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Lawn
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Asian Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Flowering Tree
    Specimen
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Small Mammals
    Songbirds
    Specialized Bees
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer