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Striped Wintergreen Chimaphila maculata

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
ky-MAF-ih-luh mak-yuh-LAY-tuh
Description

 

Stripped Wintergreen a native, evergreen, rhizomatous wildflower in the shinleaf family and is found in dry woods in the eastern US. The white midrib stripe on the dark green leaf is an identifying characteristic. During the summer fragrant white to pinkish flowers appear in small nodding clusters. It is considered endangered in some states.

This plant needs very well-drained, preferably acidic sandy soils, in shady conditions. Use in a dry woodland setting as a ground cover or under shrubs to provide color.

The foliage is considered toxic to sheep and is avoided by deer.

 

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#white flowers#shade tolerant#NC native#well-drained soil#native garden#groundcover#woodland#native wildflower#wildflower garden#dry soils tolerant
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#white flowers#shade tolerant#NC native#well-drained soil#native garden#groundcover#woodland#native wildflower#wildflower garden#dry soils tolerant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Chimaphila
    Species:
    maculata
    Family:
    Ericaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Native Americans used its leaf tea to treat rheumatism and stomach problems, and crushed leaves were applied as a poultice to sores and wounds
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    South East Canada to Central America
    Distribution:
    USA: AL , AZ , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IL , IN , KY , MA , MD , ME , MI , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , RI , SC , TN , VA , VT , WV Canada: ON , QC
    Wildlife Value:
    Deer resistant.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 6 in. - 1 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 0 ft. 6 in. - 0 ft. 9 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Ground Cover
    Native Plant
    Wildflower
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Soil Texture:
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Very Dry
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8b, 8a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    seed capsules are about 1/3 inch across and dark brown at maturity;
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Pink
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Umbel
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Bell
    Cup
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    1 inch long nodding, fragrant, waxy, white or pinkish flowers in clusters of 2-5 with 5 petals that have small scattered brown spots. Blooms June-August.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    White
    Leaf Feel:
    Leathery
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Long-lasting
    Showy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Whorled
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Dentate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    Evergreen 1-3 inch long and 1/4- 1 inch wide lance-shaped to oval leaves are leathery and dark green with a white stripe along the midvein. The underside is pale green and the margins have widely spaced teeth. There are two pairs of smaller leaves at the base and a whorl of 3 larger leaves below the flower.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Cross Section:
    Round
    Stem Surface:
    Smooth (glabrous)
    Stem Description:
    Stout reddish-brown stems are semi-woody.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden
    Shade Garden
    Design Feature:
    Mass Planting
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Dry Soil