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Whitewater Weeping Redbud Cercis canadensis 'Whitewater'

Other Common Name(s):

Description

'Whitewater' is a stunning redbud from the talented Dr. Dennis Werner of North Carolina State University. It combines a more vivid form of variegation with a broadly weeping habit. The pea-shaped flowers bloom in April and May, are a deep rose-purple, and are displayed on the bare branches. Typical of redbuds, this is referred to as being cauliflory.  

The flowers are quickly followed by the heart-shaped leaves which emerge mostly white with green flecks, and mature to mostly green with white flecks. The weeping habit is an exciting addition to the bright variegated foliage.  

The genus name Cercis comes from the Greek word kerkis which means weaver's shuttle, referring to the fact that the seed pod resembles the size and shape of a weaver's shuttle used to move thread back and forth on a loom.

This shrub does best in full sun to partial shade. It is at its best in full sun, however, benefits from some afternoon shade in hot climates.  It prefers to grow in average to moist conditions, and shouldn't be allowed to dry out. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is highly tolerant of urban pollution and will even thrive in inner city environments, and will benefit from being planted in a relatively sheltered location. Consider applying a thick mulch around the root zone in winter to protect it in exposed locations or colder microclimates. This is a selection of a native North American species.  Maintenance is low, any pruning should be accomplished after the flowers have bloomed.

Wildlife Value:  The flowers provide nectar for bees and once pollinated form leguminous pods, the seed can be consumed by birds. Members of the genus Cercis support the following specialized bee: Habropoda laboriosa.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: This tree can suffer from damage caused by deer.  Transplanting of mature trees should not be attempted, the tree may have a difficult time surviving.  It is susceptible to canker and dieback.  Some insects effecting this tree are twig borer, treehoppers, caterpillars, scales and leafhoppers.

VIDEO Created by Elizabeth Meyer for "Trees, Shrubs and Conifers" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens.

More information on Cercis canadensis.

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Tags:
#weeping#showy flowers#deciduous#wildlife plants#showy#nectar plant#showy leaves#variegated leaves#winter interest#flowering tree#year-round interest#specialized bees#cpp#showstopper#varigated#pollinator plant#deciduous tree#compact habit#bird friendly#pollinators#bee friendly#compact#wet soils intolerant
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#weeping#showy flowers#deciduous#wildlife plants#showy#nectar plant#showy leaves#variegated leaves#winter interest#flowering tree#year-round interest#specialized bees#cpp#showstopper#varigated#pollinator plant#deciduous tree#compact habit#bird friendly#pollinators#bee friendly#compact#wet soils intolerant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Cercis
    Species:
    canadensis
    Family:
    Fabaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    United States
    Wildlife Value:
    The flowers provide nectar for bees and once pollinated form leguminous pods, the seed can be consumed by birds.
    Play Value:
    Attractive Flowers
    Attracts Pollinators
    Colorful
    Screening
    Wildlife Food Source
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Highly tolerant of urban pollution, will thrive in inner city environments. Deer resistant.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Rounded
    Weeping
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Coarse
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    6-feet-12 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8b, 8a, 9b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Legume
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Purple/Lavender
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Star
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Deep rose-purple, displayed on bare branches, before the leaves emerge.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Variegated
    White
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Cordate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Heart-shaped leaves which emerge mostly white with green flecks, and mature to mostly green with white flecks. It has the appearance of someone spilling a can of white paint on the plant.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Near Septic
    Patio
    Pond
    Pool/Hardscape
    Small Space
    Walkways
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Cottage Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Rock Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Border
    Flowering Tree
    Foundation Planting
    Mass Planting
    Screen/Privacy
    Small Tree
    Specimen
    Street Tree
    Attracts:
    Pollinators
    Songbirds
    Specialized Bees
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Dry Soil
    Pollution
    Poor Soil
    Urban Conditions