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Heartleaf Hornbeam Carpinus cordata

Other Common Name(s):

Previously known as:

  • Distegocarpus cordatus
Description

Hornbeam is a great choice as a graceful understory tree as it tolerates shade well.  You can find it in woodland gardens, as a street tree or it can be pruned into a hedge and used as a privacy screen.

Site: Prefers light shade to full shade though it tolerates full sun.  Moist, well-drained organically rich soil but tolerates a range of soil types

Form: Rounded; densely branched

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  No serious problems though cankers, leaf spots and twig blight occasionally occur.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#heavy shade#shade garden#low maintenance#understory tree#street tree#hedges#privacy#attractive foliage
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#heavy shade#shade garden#low maintenance#understory tree#street tree#hedges#privacy#attractive foliage
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Carpinus
    Species:
    cordata
    Family:
    Betulaceae
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    SW. Primorye, China, Korea, Japan
    Dimensions:
    Height: 20 ft. 0 in. - 30 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 12 ft. 0 in. - 15 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Dense
    Rounded
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Shallow Rocky
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    12-24 feet
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Length:
    > 3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    3-5 in. cigar-shaped seed pods
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Green
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Catkin
    Insignificant
    Flower Description:
    Insignificant
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Leaf Shape:
    Cordate
    Leaf Margin:
    Doubly Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    2.5-5.5 in. heart-shaped doubly serrate dark green leaves with prominant veins; yellow to non-showy fall color. The specices name cordata refers to the heart-shaped leaf bases. Leaves remain attractive all growing season.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Gray
    Surface/Attachment:
    Patchy
    Ridges
    Bark Description:
    Gray, fluted scaly fissured bark
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Shade Garden
    Design Feature:
    Hedge
    Screen/Privacy
    Street Tree
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Heavy Shade