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Biberi Pepper Capsicum annuum (Conioides group)

Phonetic Spelling
KAP-sih-kum AN-yoo-um
Description

The Conioides group of Capsicum annuum are cone peppers.  Their common names include Biberi pepper, Cone Pepper, Conic Pepper, and Facing Heaven Pepper. The peppers are erect, cone-shaped, and turn red as they mature. The peppers are medium-hot to taste. They are members of the Solanaceae or Nightshade family.

The plant is native to Central America. This pepper is grown in the Szechuan province of China and is frequently used in food preparation. 

The genus name, Capsicum, comes from the Greek word Kapto, which means "to bite." Most species of this plant contain capsaicin. This chemical produces a burning sensation in the mouth when eaten. 

The plant grows upright, and the fruits point upwards.

Facing Heaven Pepper prefers sunlight, tropical, and humid conditions. They require well-drained and fertile soil. Adequate air circulation is also needed. 

They are well-suited to be grown indoors in pots all year long.

 

VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Edibles, Bulbs, and Houseplants" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens.   

More information on Capsicum annuum.

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#edible plant#vegetable garden#ornamentals#edible fruits#vegetable
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#edible plant#vegetable garden#ornamentals#edible fruits#vegetable
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Capsicum
    Species:
    annuum
    Family:
    Solanaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Annual
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Central America
    Distribution:
    Szechuan province of China
    Play Value:
    Edible fruit
    Edibility:
    This variety is edible as a vegetable or spice
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Annual
    Edible
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Description:
    The fruit is cone-shaped and turns red in color when it matures.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Shape:
    Star
    Flower Description:
    The flowers are small and star-shaped.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    The leaves are green, simple, and ovate in shape.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Purple/Lavender
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Nodes may be purple in color.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Houseplants
    Landscape Theme:
    Edible Garden
    Design Feature:
    Mass Planting
    Small groups