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Broussonetia papyrifera

Common Name(s):

Previously known as:

  • Morus papyrifera
Phonetic Spelling
broo-soh-NEH-she-uh pap-ih-RIFF-er-uh
Description

The paper-mulberry grows best in well-drained soil in a sheltered location but in full sun.  It is typically shrubby but can be  trained into a  tree.   It propagates easily by seeds, cuttings, or root suckers.  The bark was commonly used to make paper and cloth products.

They make excellent street or yard trees because they are not messy with dropping fruit.  Female trees can be weedy and out-compete native species.  

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#tropical#deciduous#shade tree#drought tolerant#wildlife plant#showy fruits#food source#bird friendly
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#tropical#deciduous#shade tree#drought tolerant#wildlife plant#showy fruits#food source#bird friendly
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Broussonetia
    Species:
    papyrifera
    Family:
    Moraceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Cloth- and paper-making, medicinal, ornamental.
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Root Cutting
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Bangladesh, Cambodia, China North-Central, China South-Central,
    Distribution:
    central and southern USA, South America, Europe, Asia
    Wildlife Value:
    Fruits attract birds
    Dimensions:
    Height: 40 ft. 0 in. - 50 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 30 ft. 0 in. - 40 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Rounded
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    24-60 feet
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Fruit Description:
    On female trees purple-red aggregate fruit clusters in the shape of a round ball.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Green
    Orange
    Red/Burgundy
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Catkin
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Description:
    Seperate male and female trees. Female rounded flower heads and male catkins 3" in length appear in April and May.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Rough
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Opposite
    Whorled
    Leaf Shape:
    Obovate
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Lobed
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Dull green simple alternate (sometimes opposite or whorled) oval to lobed to mitten shaped leaves with serrate margins up to 8" in length rought on top and hairy below
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Gray
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Surface:
    Hairy (pubescent)
    Stem Description:
    New stems are hairy brownish-red
  • Landscape:
    Design Feature:
    Shade Tree
    Street Tree
    Attracts:
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought
    Problems:
    Weedy