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Brassica oleracea

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
BRAS-ih-ka ol-lur-RAY-see-uh
Description

Brassica oleracea is the wild ancestor of many common vegetable crops including kale, collards, broccoli, cauliflower, and kohlrabi.  The wild form is edible as well.

 

VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Edibles, Bulbs, and Houseplants" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens.   

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Cultivars / Varieties:
Acephala Group, Alboglabra Group, Botrytis Group, Capitata Group, Gemmifera Group, Gongylodes Group, Italica Group, Tronchuda Group
Tags:
#cultivars#edible plant#vegetable#edible leaves#edible#ebh-vh
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Acephala Group, Alboglabra Group, Botrytis Group, Capitata Group, Gemmifera Group, Gongylodes Group, Italica Group, Tronchuda Group
Tags:
#cultivars#edible plant#vegetable#edible leaves#edible#ebh-vh
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Brassica
    Species:
    oleracea
    Family:
    Brassicaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Biennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    W. Europe
    Distribution:
    Cultivars grown worldwide
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 10 in. - 2 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 0 in. - 2 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Vegetable
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Green
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Fruit Type:
    Siliqua
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Flower Shape:
    Cross
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Fleshy
    Waxy
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Rosulate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Lobed
    Undulate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves differ in size, shape, and color depending on the cultivar. All, including the wild type, are thick and fleshy with a glaucous coating. Leaf stems alternate in a circle.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Surface:
    Covered with a powdery bloom (glaucous)
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Edible Garden