Plant DetailShow Menu

Begonia (Semperflorens-Cultorum Group) is often confused with:
Begonia (Tuberosa Group) B.cultorum flower
Plants that fill a similar niche:
Dianthus chinensis Dianthus chinensis
Dianthus chinensis x barbatus Flowers
Begonia grandis Begonia grandis flower
Begonia (Semperflorens-Cultorum Group) has some common insect problems:
Mealybugs
Thrips Found on Flowers and Foliage

Bedding Begonia Begonia (Semperflorens-Cultorum Group)

Other Common Name(s):

Previously known as:

  • Begonia semperflorens-cultorum
  • Begonia x tuberhybrida
Phonetic Spelling
beh-GO-nee-ah sem-pur-FLOR-enz kul-TOR-um
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Begoniaceae is a large flowering plant family with about 1500 different species and hundreds of hybrids. Mature begonia plants range in size from a few inches high to over 12 feet high and the flowers, foliage colors and sizes are very diverse. The American Begonia Society has created a number of non-scientific categories for classifying Begonias including semperflorens. Begonia x Semperflorens-Cultorum hybrids are derived from a closely related group of South American species that have shown some cold hardiness in USDA zones 8-10. 

Begonia semperflorens, or Wax Begonia, is a very popular member of the Begonia family often used as an annual bedding plant or as a tender, herbaceous perennial grown in containers and brought indoors for the winter. It is a compact, mounded, succulent, and fibrous-rooted plant with fleshy stems and green to bronze leaves. When planted outdoors, it does best in full sun to partial shade in moderately humus rich, well-drained moist soils. Bronze-leafed varieties tend to do better in full sun. Space 6-12 in. apart and plant in mass along borders or in small spaces. Mulch well in the summer to protect roots, and water well. Container plants may be cut back in fall and overwintered indoors in a cool location with reduced watering.  

This plant is seldom damaged by deer and tolerates hot summers, mild drought and heavy shade.  To propagate, sow seeds in January in gentle heat and do not cover with compost, or take leaf or stem cuttings.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:

Susceptible to mealy bugs and thrips, rot, and fungal diseases.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Barbara Rogers'
    Clumping nearly five feet tall, large white flowers all season, USDA zones 7-9.
  • 'Emperor Red'
  • 'Monza'
  • 'Party Pink'
    Pink flowers bronze leaves
  • 'Prelude White'
    White flowers
  • 'Senator Red'
    Red flowers
  • 'Whopper Rose Bronze Leaf'
Tags:
#showy flowers#full sun#small spaces#houseplant#annual#drought tolerant#early fall#heavy shade#bronze#white flowers#pink flowers#red flowers#shade garden#interiorscape#low maintenance#fall interest#rabbit resistant#mass planting#window boxes#cpp#mounding#edging#summer flowers#deer resistant#borders#ccp#spring interest#pollinator plant#fantz#late spring flowers#mid-summer flowers#early summer flowers#late summer flowers#shade border#waxy leaves#compact habit#flowers early fall#dry soils tolerant#butterfly friendly#problem for cats#problem for dogs#problem for horses
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Barbara Rogers'
    Clumping nearly five feet tall, large white flowers all season, USDA zones 7-9.
  • 'Emperor Red'
  • 'Monza'
  • 'Party Pink'
    Pink flowers bronze leaves
  • 'Prelude White'
    White flowers
  • 'Senator Red'
    Red flowers
  • 'Whopper Rose Bronze Leaf'
Tags:
#showy flowers#full sun#small spaces#houseplant#annual#drought tolerant#early fall#heavy shade#bronze#white flowers#pink flowers#red flowers#shade garden#interiorscape#low maintenance#fall interest#rabbit resistant#mass planting#window boxes#cpp#mounding#edging#summer flowers#deer resistant#borders#ccp#spring interest#pollinator plant#fantz#late spring flowers#mid-summer flowers#early summer flowers#late summer flowers#shade border#waxy leaves#compact habit#flowers early fall#dry soils tolerant#butterfly friendly#problem for cats#problem for dogs#problem for horses
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Begonia
    Family:
    Begoniaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Annual
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Leaf Cutting
    Seed
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Southeastern United States
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    deer resistant
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 6 in. - 1 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 0 ft. 6 in. - 1 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Annual
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Houseplant
    Habit/Form:
    Clumping
    Dense
    Mounding
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    Less than 12 inches
    12 inches-3 feet
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    9a, 9b, 10a, 10b, 11a, 11b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    Winged capsule.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    Red/Burgundy
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Cyme
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Long Bloom Season
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Description:
    Loose clusters of cymes in leaf axils single or double in various colors bloom from spring to frost. Four-parted, with two small and twp large petal-like parts and many stamens. Female flowers have 4 to 5 subequal petals bearing an inferior swollen ovary with wings.  Male flowers have 4 unequal petals, two lateral petals very narrow, othe pair broad obovate; stamens numerous, clustered, exerted with prominent yellow stamens.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Fleshy
    Glossy
    Waxy
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Orbicular
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Crenate
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Asymmetrical/oblique, waxy green to bronze leaves, broad with toothed margins. Leaf length to width ratio is near 1. Bronze-leaved varieties are more tolerant of full sun.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Form:
    Straight
    Stem Surface:
    Smooth (glabrous)
    Stem Description:
    Branched, clumping, fleshy, glabrous. Branches erect, contorted near base, yellow, and resemble an erect horseshoe
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Hanging Baskets
    Houseplants
    Patio
    Small Space
    Walkways
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Shade Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Mass Planting
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Drought
    Dry Soil
    Heavy Shade
    Rabbits
    Problems:
    Problem for Cats
    Problem for Dogs
    Problem for Horses
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    Burning of mouth, throat, lips, and tongue, swelling, difficulty with speech and swallowing; possibly nausea and vomiting, kidney failure.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Soluble calcium oxalates
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Roots