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Begonia (Semperflorens-Cultorum Group)

Previously known as:

  • Begonia semperflorens-cultorum
  • Begonia x tuberhybrida
Phonetic Spelling
beh-GO-nee-ah sem-pur-FLOR-enz kul-TOR-um
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Begonia semperflorens is very popular as an annual bedding plant and for containers. This is a compact, mounded, a fibrous-rooted plant with fleshy stems and green to bronze leaves. Plant in the full sun to partial shade in moderately humus rich, well-drained moist soils.  Mulch well in the summer to protect roots, and water well.  

Its seasons are late spring to early fall. Space 6-12 in. apart and plant in mass along borders, in containers, or in small spaces.  This plant is seldom damaged by deer; mildly drought tolerant and heavy shade tolerant.  To propagate sow seed in January in gentle heat and do not cover with compost, or take leaf or stem cuttings.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  Susceptible to mealy bugs & thrips, rot, and fungal diseases,

Quick ID Hints:

  • Succulent with asymmetrical/oblique, waxy leaves 
  • Leaves broad ovate to obicular, L/W ratio near 1
  • Male flowers clustered, 4-petals with 2 narrow lateral petals
  • Female flowers with prominent winged ovary
  • Styles 3, branched into erect yellow horseshoes
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Party Pink'
    Pink flowers bronze leaves
  • 'Prelude White'
    White flowers
  • 'Senator Red'
    Red flowers
Tags:
#butterflies#showy flowers#full sun#small spaces#houseplant#annual#summer#drought tolerant#late spring#early fall#heavy shade#spring#bronze#white flowers#pink flowers#red flowers#compact#shade garden#interiorscape#low maintenance#fall interest#rabbit resistant#mass planting#window boxes#cpp#mounding#edging#dry soil tolerant#deer resistant#borders#ccp#pollinator plant#fantz#late spring flowers#mid-summer flowers#early summer flowers#late summer flowers#shade border#early fall flowers#waxy leaves
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Party Pink'
    Pink flowers bronze leaves
  • 'Prelude White'
    White flowers
  • 'Senator Red'
    Red flowers
Tags:
#butterflies#showy flowers#full sun#small spaces#houseplant#annual#summer#drought tolerant#late spring#early fall#heavy shade#spring#bronze#white flowers#pink flowers#red flowers#compact#shade garden#interiorscape#low maintenance#fall interest#rabbit resistant#mass planting#window boxes#cpp#mounding#edging#dry soil tolerant#deer resistant#borders#ccp#pollinator plant#fantz#late spring flowers#mid-summer flowers#early summer flowers#late summer flowers#shade border#early fall flowers#waxy leaves
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Begonia
    Family:
    Begoniaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Annual
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Leaf Cutting
    Seed
    Stem Cutting
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 6 in. - 1 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 0 in. - 2 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Annual
    Houseplant
    Habit/Form:
    Dense
    Mounding
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    Less than 12 inches
    12 inches-3 feet
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    10a, 10b, 11a, 11b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    Winged capsule.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    Red/Burgundy
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Cyme
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Long Bloom Season
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Description:
    Loose clusters of cymes in leaf axils single or double in various colors bloom from spring to frost. 4-parted, with 2 small and 2 large, petal-like parts many stamens. FEMALE FLOWERS with 4-5 subequal petals, bearing an inferior swollen ovary with wings; style 3-branched above, branches erect, contorted near base, yellow, and resemble an erect horseshoe.  MALE FLOWERS with 4 unequal petals, two lateral petals very narrow, othe pair broad obovate; stamens numerous, clustered, exerted with prominent yellow stamens.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Fleshy
    Glossy
    Waxy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Orbicular
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Crenate
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Green to bronze waxy leaves, simple, broad with toothed margins. Bronze-leaved varieties are more tolerant of full sun.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Branched, clumping, fleshy, glabrous.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Hanging Baskets
    Houseplants
    Patio
    Small Space
    Walkways
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Shade Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Mass Planting
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Drought
    Dry Soil
    Heavy Shade
    Rabbits
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    Burning of mouth, throat, lips, and tongue, swelling, difficulty with speech and swallowing; possibly nausea and vomiting.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Oxalates
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Roots