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Lance Leaf Azara Azara lanceolata

Other Common Name(s):

Previously known as:

  • Azara brumalis
  • Azara chiloensis
  • Azara lanceolata var. chiloensis
  • Azara serrata var. chiloensis
Description

Lance-leaf Azara is a tall arching shrub or small tree in the willow family.  This plant was discovered by Charles Darwin in 1834, and is native to Argentina and Chile.  The genus name, Azara, is thought to honor the Spanish naturalist, Felix de Azara (1742-1821). Sgnr Azara was in South America in the late 1700s. Lanceolata, the species name, describes the leaf form - like a lance's point. This small tree is hardy to Zone 8 and likes moist loam or loamy sand. It can tolerate full and part shade making it a possible edition to the edge of a woodland. Although there is a tree form that could reach 30 feet, the height is usually around twenty. It can also make an arching, fan shaped shrub.

The tree has striking bright golden yellow flowers in the spring with a faint vanilla scent. They make a wonderful show against the glossy green leaves. They are followed by lavender to purple berries. These could be a bit of a problem if they dropped on a path but they are attractive to birds.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • Azara lanceolata 'Variegata'
    This cultivar has leaves with irregularly shaped white-yellow borders. It is weaker growing and less winter hardy.
Azara lanceolata 'Variegata'
Tags:
#small tree#evergreen shrub#evergreen tree
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • Azara lanceolata 'Variegata'
    This cultivar has leaves with irregularly shaped white-yellow borders. It is weaker growing and less winter hardy.
Azara lanceolata 'Variegata'
Tags:
#small tree#evergreen shrub#evergreen tree
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Azara
    Species:
    lanceolata
    Family:
    Salicaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Chile, Argentina
    Wildlife Value:
    Birds may be attracted to the fruit of this tree.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 12 ft. 0 in. - 18 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 8 ft. 0 in. - 12 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Arching
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Fine
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    12-24 feet
    NC Region:
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    8b, 8a, 9b, 9a, 10b, 10a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    White
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    The fruit are small berries arranged along a stem. The color varies from pale, almost white, lavender to purple. The fruit may be a problem if it drops on the a pathway. However, it can attract birds to your garden.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Irregular
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Very slighlty fragrant, showy rich yellow flowers.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    The leaves of this plant are arranged oppositely. However, one of the leaf pair may be considerably smaller than the other. The larger leaves are simple, longer than they are wide (lanceolate) with serrate margins; the smaller, ovate. The leaves are a glossy green but sometimes turn black in harsh winter temperatures.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Light Brown
    Surface/Attachment:
    Smooth
    Bark Description:
    The bark of this small tree starts off a reddish color in the spring but eventually changes to the medium to light brown color that is typical. It can be smooth or slightly rough.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Lawn
    Naturalized Area
    Landscape Theme:
    Shade Garden
    Design Feature:
    Shade Tree
    Small Tree
    Attracts:
    Songbirds