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Downy Oak Leach Aureolaria virginica

Previously known as:

  • Aureolaria gerardia
Phonetic Spelling
or-ee-ah-LAIR-ee-uh vir-JIN-ih-kuh
Description

Downy Oak Leach is a native herbaceous perennial and hemiparasitic on white oaks but does possess chlorophyll and performs photosynthesis.  It is commonly found in the mountains in dry to mesic forests, along streambanks, and in disturbed sites in all areas of NC.  Deer eagerly browse this plant.

The yellow flowers open June- Aug. in terminal clusters of yellow funnel-shaped blooms atop downy stems. They prefer partial sun in rocky, clay or sandy loams. Plant the seeds or plants near a tree in the white oak family.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#partial shade#fall flowers#wildlife plant#yellow flowers#spring flowers#stream banks#NC native#roadside#woodland#disturbed areas#native wildflower#wildflower garden#parasitic#nectar plant fall#nectar plant spring
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#partial shade#fall flowers#wildlife plant#yellow flowers#spring flowers#stream banks#NC native#roadside#woodland#disturbed areas#native wildflower#wildflower garden#parasitic#nectar plant fall#nectar plant spring
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Aureolaria
    Species:
    virginica
    Family:
    Orobanchaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    E. U.S.A. to Texas
    Distribution:
    AL , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IN , KY , LA , MA , MD , MI , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , RI , SC , TN , TX , VA , VT , WV Canada: ON
    Wildlife Value:
    Attracts bees and butterflies
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Food Source
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Perennial
    Wildflower
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    3 feet-6 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    A hairy dry ovoid capsule that splits open when ripe.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Raceme
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Funnel
    Tubular
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    fused petals
    Flower Description:
    5 yellow petals fused into a corolla tube. Blooms appear in bract axils in terminal racemes in the spring and then again in the fall. They open in the morning and fade by noon.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Lobed
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Lower stem leaves are opposite, petiolate, simple ovate to lanceolate, 2.5-6 inches long and .5 to 1.5 inches wide. The lower leaves sometimes have lobes or teeth.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Cross Section:
    Square
    Stem Surface:
    Hairy (pubescent)
    Stem Description:
    Rigid, brittle, square, and pubescent.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Riparian
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Butterflies
    Hummingbirds