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Dutchman's Pipe Aristolochia macrophylla

Other plants called Dutchman's Pipe:

Previously known as:

  • Aristolochia durior
  • Isotrema macrophyllum
Phonetic Spelling
ah-ris-toh-LOH-kee-ah mak-roh-FYE-lah
Description

Aristolochia macrophylla, commonly called Dutchman’s Pipe, is a very vigorous native vine with bold texture. Commonly called Dutchman's pipe because the unusual, 2" long, yellowish-green flowers (each flaring at the calyx mouth to form 3 brownish-purple lobes) superficially resemble Dutch smoking pipes. It will create a thick green screen in a short period of time making it ideal for covering a fence, wall or strong trellis. 

This native plant grows best in moist, ordinary, well-drained soil, in full to partial sun and grwos rapidly once established and can even be pruned severely.  It is intolerant of dry soil.  It is a good plant for having few pest or disease problems, and as a bonus it withstands urban pollution quite well.

Best on a large support

Fire Risk: This plant has an extreme flammability rating and should not be planted within the defensible space of your home.  Select plants with a low flammability rating for the sites nearest your home. 

Similar plants: You can tell the difference between the very similar Aristolochia tomentosa and this plant because one is mostly hairy (Aristolochia tomentosa) and one is mostly smooth (Aristolochia macrophylla ).

Regions:  Mountain

Seasons of Interest: 

  Blooms:  Summer            Nut/Fruit/Seed:  Fall

Wildlife Value:  This plant is moderately resistant to damage from deer.  It is a host plant for the Pipevine Swallowtail butterfly. This vine plays an important role in the life of native Pipevine Swallowtail butterflies. The flowers provide nectar for the butterflies, and the leaves are an important food source for the caterpillars. The vigorous growth of this vine makes it easy to share the leaves with these beautiful insects.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#sun#deciduous#full sun#mahogany#cream#light shade#wildlife plant#partial sun#spring flowers#host plant#swallowtail butterflies#trellis#air pollution tolerant#fence#disease resistant#fast growing#privacy#fire#extreme flammability#NC native#pest resistant#vines#twining#dappled sunlight#deer resistant#cream flower#cream flowers#caterpillars#Pipevine Swallowtail#mahogany flowers#native garden#spring interest#native vine#screening#native wildflower#food source fall#food source herbage#food source nectar#food source pollen#garden walls#butterfly friendly
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#sun#deciduous#full sun#mahogany#cream#light shade#wildlife plant#partial sun#spring flowers#host plant#swallowtail butterflies#trellis#air pollution tolerant#fence#disease resistant#fast growing#privacy#fire#extreme flammability#NC native#pest resistant#vines#twining#dappled sunlight#deer resistant#cream flower#cream flowers#caterpillars#Pipevine Swallowtail#mahogany flowers#native garden#spring interest#native vine#screening#native wildflower#food source fall#food source herbage#food source nectar#food source pollen#garden walls#butterfly friendly
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Aristolochia
    Species:
    macrophylla
    Family:
    Aristolochiaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Fire Risk Rating:
    extreme flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    It is a host plant for the Pipevine Swallowtail butterfly. This vine plays an important role in the life of native Pipevine Swallowtail butterflies. The flowers provide nectar for the butterflies, and the leaves are an important food source for the caterpillars. The vigorous growth of this vine makes it easy to share the leaves with these beautiful insects.
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Food Source
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    few pest or disease problems, withstands urban pollution quite well
    Climbing Method:
    Twining
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Vine
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Texture:
    Coarse
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Black
    Brown/Copper
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Description:
    Displays from August to September
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Cream/Tan
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Insignificant
    Purple/Lavender
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    The Dutchman's pipe has inconspicuous, mahogany and cream flowers from March to June. This plant has very interesting flowers that are shaped like a small pipe. You may have to look hard to find the flowers–they are only a few inches long. The flower has an unusual but not offensive fragrance. Commonly called Dutchman's pipe because the unusual, 2" long, yellowish-green flowers (each flaring at the calyx mouth to form 3 brownish-purple lobes) superficially resemble Dutch smoking pipes.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    This plant has large, dark green, heart-shaped leaves.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Light Brown
    Surface/Attachment:
    Smooth
    Bark Description:
    Its bark is brown and fairly smooth with occasional shallow splits.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Surface:
    Smooth (glabrous)
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Vertical Spaces
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Screen/Privacy
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Diseases
    Insect Pests
    Pollution