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Shadbush Amelanchier

Other Common Name(s):

Other plants called Shadbush:

Previously known as:

  • Amelancus
  • Aronia
Description

Serviceberry prefers acidic evenly moist soils in the partial shade, with some morning sun.  It tolerates clay.  It is one of the first to flower in the spring, right before dogwoods.  The common name serviceberry comes because it blooms as soon as the ground starts to thaw, and it is blooming when people were able to dig graves and bury their dead after the winter.  The flowers and later fruits dropping can be high maintenance.

Form: A multitrunked shrub or small tree with a rounded crown.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: It becomes chlorotic in alkaline soils and does not tolerate wind.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#white#deciduous#fall color#small tree#bark#white flowers#wildlife plant#tree#fall interest#flowering tree#food source#messy#cpp#winter intrest#spring interest#early spring flowers#larval host plant
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#white#deciduous#fall color#small tree#bark#white flowers#wildlife plant#tree#fall interest#flowering tree#food source#messy#cpp#winter intrest#spring interest#early spring flowers#larval host plant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Amelanchier
    Family:
    Roseaceae
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Europe, Africa, Northern America and Asia-Temperate
    Distribution:
    ME to IA, south to northern FL
    Wildlife Value:
    Fruits are attractive to birds. 120 species of Lepidoptera (caterpillars that turn into butterflies or moths) feed on the tree.
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    mildly resistant to deer damage
    Edibility:
    Tasty fruits
    Dimensions:
    Height: 10 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 8 ft. 0 in. - 15 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Multi-trunked
    Rounded
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    High
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4b, 4a, 5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7b, 7a, 8b, 8a, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Black
    Blue
    Green
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Showy
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Pome
    Fruit Description:
    Edible berry-like pome starts green and turns to red and then blue-black
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Raceme
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Description:
    Short lived (10 days) lightly fragrant white racemes 2"-4" long bloom early spring just before dogwoods.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Orange
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Simple, alternate, serrate margins, elliptical to ovate 1"-3" long. Has rounded to cordate base, acute apex. Good yellow-orange to red-orange fall color.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Gray
    Surface/Attachment:
    Ridges
    Smooth
    Bark Description:
    Gray smooth with longitudinal fissures that are striated and ridged at maturity. Provides winter interest.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Pointed buds have overlapping scales
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Flowering Tree
    Problems:
    Messy