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Allegheny Serviceberry Amelanchier laevis

Other Common Name(s):

Other plants called Allegheny Serviceberry:

Previously known as:

  • A. arborea ssp. laevis
Phonetic Spelling
am-uh-LAN-kee-er LYE-viss
Description

Allegheny Serviceberry is a deciduous tree that may grow 20 to 60 feet tall. The leaves are alternate with a finely toothed margin. The bark is smooth when young. As the tree ages, the bark develops rough, long ridges and furrows. In spring, 5-petaled, white flowers are borne on 4-inch racemes. The small tree produces a red to purple berry that matures in late summer.

Fire Risk: This plant has a low flammability rating.

Form: Irregular; often has two or three trunks

Soil: prefers moist but will tolerate a range of soil types

Cultivars / Varieties:
  • Snowcloud
Tags:
#purple#red#white#fruit#deciduous#fall color#yellow#birds#full sun#partial shade#bronze#white flowers#wildlife plant#purple leaves#native tree#tree#red leaves#yellow leaves#host plant#host#food source#cpp#low flammability#NC native#bronze leaves#deer resistant#magenta#magenta berries#pruple fruit#native garden#fire resistant#food source summer#butterfly
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • Snowcloud
Tags:
#purple#red#white#fruit#deciduous#fall color#yellow#birds#full sun#partial shade#bronze#white flowers#wildlife plant#purple leaves#native tree#tree#red leaves#yellow leaves#host plant#host#food source#cpp#low flammability#NC native#bronze leaves#deer resistant#magenta#magenta berries#pruple fruit#native garden#fire resistant#food source summer#butterfly
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Amelanchier
    Species:
    laevis
    Family:
    Rosaceae
    Fire Risk Rating:
    low flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    Host plant for Red-Spotted Purple and Viceroy butterflies. Butterflies and other insects nectar at the blooms. Fruits are eaten by songbirds, ruffed grouse, small mammals, and large mammals.
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Food Source
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    range of soils, moist soil, resistant to fire, mildly resistant to damage by deer
    Dimensions:
    Height: 20 ft. 0 in. - 60 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 15 ft. 0 in. - 25 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Multi-stemmed
    Multi-trunked
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Drainage:
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Description:
    The fruit is sweet berries that turn magenta to purple. The fruit attracts birds.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Description:
    This plant has small, white flowers in the spring.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Purple/Lavender
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves are 1 to 3 inches. New growth emerges as bronze-purple, turns glossy green in summer, and clear yellow to red fall color.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Gray
    Light Gray
    Surface/Attachment:
    Smooth
    Bark Description:
    smooth, gray bark
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Fire