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Allium vineale is often confused with:
Allium canadense Flowers
Plants that fill a similar niche:
Oxalis Flowers and Leaves
Taraxacum officinale Taraxacum officinale
Plantago major Plantago major

Wild Onion Allium vineale

Other plants called Wild Onion:

Phonetic Spelling
AL-ee-um vin-EE-al
Description

A common lawn weed that, while native to Europe, Africa, and the Middle East, has naturalized in much of the world including the eastern US.  It is considered a noxious weed by the USDA.  They spread by seeds, aerial bulblets, and bulb offsets below ground, not to mention are resistant to herbicides.  The leaves, flowers, and bulbs are edible and can be used similarly to chives, although they tend to be a bit tougher.

 

VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Edibles, Bulbs, and Houseplants" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens.   

Profile Video:
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Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#perennial#weed#edible weed#edible flowers#Noxious Weed List#edible roots#grass-like#edible leaves#cool season weed#perennial weed#edible bulbs
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#perennial#weed#edible weed#edible flowers#Noxious Weed List#edible roots#grass-like#edible leaves#cool season weed#perennial weed#edible bulbs
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Allium
    Species:
    vineale
    Family:
    Amaryllidaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Bulb
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Europe, N. Africa, Iran
    Distribution:
    US, South America, Australia
    Edibility:
    Leaves, flowers, and bulbs. Use similarly to chives or garlic.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Weed
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Available Space To Plant:
    Less than 12 inches
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Purple/Lavender
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Umbel
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Fragrant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Petals:
    6 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Small flowers grow on tall scapes above clusters of aerial bulbils. Flowers may even be absent. Sends up flowers in May and June.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Smooth
    Waxy
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Fragrant
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Rosulate
    Leaf Shape:
    Linear
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    Long, thin, hollow leaves with a circular cross-section. Leaves may be straight or curled. Smells pungently of garlic when crushed.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Lawn
    Naturalized Area
    Problems:
    Weedy