- Common Name(s):
- Axillary goldenrod, Blue stemmed goldenrod, Bluestem goldenrod, Woodland goldenrod
- Herbs, Native Plants, Perennials, Wildflowers
Bluestem Goldenrod is a Wildlflower in the Asteraceae family. It is an herbaceous perennial that grows 3 feet tall with showy clusters of yellow flowers that hug greenish-purple stems in the summer and early fall. In recent times goldenrods have been blamed for hay fever, but its irritating symptoms are actually caused by ragweed (Ambrosia species), whose pollen is airborn when goldenrod is in flower. This speices does not spread as rapidly or agressively as some other goldenrods. Works well planted in a native garden, cottage, butterfly, or woodland garden.
Regions: Mountains, Piedmont, Coastal Plain
Seasons of Interest:
Bloom: Late Summer, Fall; Fruit/Seed/Nut: Fall
Wildlife Value: Bluestem goldenrod is moderately deer resistant. Flowers are attractive to butterflies, bees, and other pollinators. Songbirds eat the seeds. Members of the genus Solidago support the following specialized bees: Andrena (Callandrena s.l.) asteris, Andrena (Callandrena s.l.) braccata, Andrena (Cnemidandrena) canadensis, Andrena (Cnemidandrena) hirticincta, Andrena (Cnemidandrena) nubecula, Andrena (Callandrena s.l.) simplex, Perdita (Perdita) octomaculata, Melissodes (Eumelissodes) fumosus, Colletes simulans, and Colletes solidaginis.
Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: No serious insect or disease problems. Rust can be an infrequent problem.
This plant may be confused with: Any other goldenrod speices Solidago spp.
- Late summer through fall
- Full sun to light shade
- 1-4 ft.
- 1.5-3 ft.
- Flower Color:
- Blue to purple stem; 2-5 in. smooth, slender, stalkless, toothed, sharply pointed lance-shaped leaves with feather veins; tapers at both ends
- Scattered clusters of tiny yellow flowers with 3-5 rays form in axils of leaves along the length of the stem with terminal clusters being the largest.
- Moist woods, thickets, clearings
- Life Cycle:
NCCES plant id: 2738