- Common Name(s):
- Spotted horsemint
- Perennials, Wildflowers
Drought tolerant memer of the Lamiaceae (mint-square stems) family. Makes excellent cut flowers. Remove spent flowers to improve plant appearance and possibly to prolong bloom. Spreads by runners to form large clumps, but is not considered to be too aggressive.
Works well planted in borders, cottage gardens, meadows, herb gardens, in containers, or butterfly gardens.
Seasons of Interest:
Bloom: Summer, long
Wildlife Value: Attracts bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds. Members of the genus Monarda support the following specialized bees: Dufourea monardae, Perdita (Perdita) gerhardi, and Protandrena abdominalis. This plant is resistant to damage by deer and rabbits.
Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: Plants are susceptible to powdery mildew, espeically in crowded gardens, but it is usually in the late season after flowering. Prune stems to increase air flow. Severe cases may require fungicidal sprays. In addition, if the soil is allowed to dry out, the stressed plants become increasingly susceptible to disease. Rust can also be a problem.
- Summer into fall
- 2-3 ft.
- Flower Color:
- Yellow with purple spots
- Fragrant when crushed, opposite leaves on square stem; shallow toothed; pointed at both ends
- Fragrant ragged cluster of tubular yellow two-lipped (slender arching upper lip) flowers spotted with purple, in the upper leaf axils and stem ends in two or more tiered, but interrupted, stem-ringing clusters, each cluster being subtended by (resting upon) a whorl of showy, pinkish, leafy bracts.
- Rich, moist, acidic soil; stream banks, thickets, ditches. Tolerates poor soils and drought.
- Full sun to partial shade
- Eastern United States
- Life Cycle:
NCCES plant id: 2665