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Monarda punctata

Common Name(s):
Dotted beebalm, Horsemint, Spotted beebalm, Spotted horsemint
Categories:
Herbs, Native Plants, Perennials, Wildflowers
Comment:

Monarda punctata, commonly called spotted beebalm, is native to the eastern U.S. and typically occurs in dryish soils on prairies, sandy areas and coastal plains.  It is a clump-forming, mint family member that features branching or simple, square stems which rise typically to 1-2' tall.  

Drought tolerant member of the Lamiaceae (mint-square stems) family. Makes excellent cut flowers. Remove spent flowers to improve plant appearance and possibly to prolong bloom. Spreads by runners to form large clumps, but is not considered to be too aggressive.

Works well planted in perennial borders, cottage gardens, meadows, herb gardens, in containers, or butterfly gardens.  

Regions:  Piedmont, Coastal plains

Seasons of Interest:

   Bloom:  Summer, long     Nut/Fruit/Seed:  Fall

Wildlife Value: Attracts bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds. Ruby-throated hummingbirds and butterflies nectar from the blooms. Members of the genus Monarda support the following specialized bees: Dufourea monardaePerdita (Perdita) gerhardiand Protandrena abdominalisThis plant is resistant to damage by deer and rabbits.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: Plants are susceptible to powdery mildew, especially in crowded gardens, but it is usually in the late season after flowering. Prune stems to increase air flow. Severe cases may require fungicidal sprays. In addition, if the soil is allowed to dry out, the stressed plants become increasingly susceptible to disease. Rust can also be a problem.

Season:
Summer into fall
Height:
2-3 ft.
Flower Color:
Yellow with purple spots
Hardiness:
USDA Hardiness Zone 3 to 8
Foliage:
The toothed, aromatic, oblong leaves of Horsemint (to 3") may be used in teas. The leaves are fragrant when crushed. They are opposite leaves on a square stem. These leaves are pointed at both ends.
Flower:
Horsemint features yellow, two-lipped flowers which are spotted with purple and appear in the upper leaf axils and stem ends in two or more tiered, but interrupted, stem-ringing clusters, each cluster being subtended by (resting upon) a whorl of showy, pinkish, leafy bracts. The flowers are in a compact, rounded head. This plant has a long summer bloom period.
Habit:
Herbaceous perennial
Site:
Horsemint is easily grown in average, dry to medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. It does best in sandy soils with consistent moisture. It will tolerate somewhat poor soils and drought. Remove spent flowers to improve plant appearance and possibly to prolong bloom. Spreads by runners to form large clumps, but is not considered to be too aggressive.
Propagation:
Runners
Exposure:
Full sun to partial shade
Soil:
Dry to medium
Origin:
Eastern United States
Life Cycle:
Perennial
Tags:
boarders, pollinator, nectar, wildlife, rabbits, highly beneficial coastal plants, fragrant flowers, bees, fragrant leaves, coastal, meadow, containers, specialized bees, hummingbirds, deer resistant, cut flowers, showy, butterfly garden, butterflies, herb garden

NCCES plant id: 2665

Monarda punctata Monarda punctata
johnx12, CC BY-SA - 4.0
Monarda punctata Monarda punctata
Anita Gould, CC BY-NC - 4.0
Monarda punctata Monarda punctata
Eleanor, CC BY-NC - 4.0
Monarda punctata Monarda punctata
Scott Zona, CC BY-NC - 4.0
Monarda punctata Monarda punctata
Eleanor, CC BY-NC - 4.0
Monarda punctata Monarda punctata
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Monarda punctata Monarda punctata
John Brandauer, CC BY-NC-ND - 4.0
Monarda punctata Monarda punctata
Matthew-Beziat, CC BY-NC - 4.0
Monarda punctata Monarda punctata
Eleanor, CC BY-NC - 4.0
Monarda punctata Monarda punctata
Joshua Mayer, CC-BY-SA-2.0