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Geum spp.

Common Name(s):
Avens
Categories:
Groundcover, Perennials
Comment:

There are over 50 species of Geum, or Avens, but all have attractive, divided dark green leaves and small, bright 5 petaled flowers. Avens grow best in cool climates, and while they tolerate dry soil, they prefer moist but well drained soils.   They can die if exposed to wet winter soils.  They grow in full-sun to partial shade but can struggle with the heat and humidy of southern summers.  Yearly division is necessary to keep plantings vigorous.  Deadhead flowers to encourage more bloom but leave some spent blooms on as seed heads are attractive fluffy plumes.  Does well planted in masses in boarders or rock gardens, and the leafy green foliage makes a nice groundcover after bloom.

 

Wildlife Value:  Geum spp. are resistant to damage by deer.

Insect, Diseases, and Other Problems: No serious insect or disease problems. Root rot can be a problem in poorly drained soils, particularly in winter.  May be short lived in heavy clay soil or hot summer climates.

May be confused with: Caltha palustris or Ficaria verna

Season:
Late spring to early summer
Height:
9-18 in.
Flower Color:
Scarlet, orange, yellow
Hardiness:
Zone 5-7
Habit:
Mounding
Form:
Rounded
Propagation:
Annual division in late summer, seed
Exposure:
Partial shade
Soil:
Well-drained
Regions:
Mountains
Origin:
Europe, South America, hybrid origin
Tags:
boarders, naturallize, summer, low maintenance, yellow, perennial, orange, red, partial shade, rock garden, spring, deer resistant, showy

NCCES plant id: 717

Geum coccineum Geum coccineum
Geum trifolum Geum trifolum
Jay Sturner, CC BY - 2.0
Geum trifolum Seed head
Matt Lavin, CC-BY-SA-2.0
Geum rivale Geum rivale
H. Zell, CC-BY-SA-3.0
Geum rivale Flower close up
H. Zell, CC-BY-SA-3.0