Plant DetailShow Menu

Alangium chinense

Phonetic Spelling
al-LAN-jee-um chi-NEN-see
Description

An evergreen tree native to the upland thickets of Africa and tropical Asia. It is an attractive shrub to small tree with some variation in its size, leaves and fruit depending on whether it is native to Asia or Africa. It is evergreen in the south and deciduous in the north. May experience die back in severe weather. It may be difficult to find for sale. However, some specimens have been successfully grown in Pennsylvania.

Plant it in moist well-drained soil in the full sun.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#fragrant flowers#specimen#thickets#evergreen tree
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#fragrant flowers#specimen#thickets#evergreen tree
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Alangium
    Species:
    chinense
    Family:
    Cornaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Used in Chinese and African herbal medicine. Oil from the seeds can be used to light lamps
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Africa and Tropical Asia
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Oval
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    7b, 7a, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a, 10b, 10a, 11b, 11a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Purple/Lavender
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Drupe
    Fruit Description:
    Oval purple drupe that ripens late summer into fall.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Cyme
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Flower Petals:
    7 - 20 petals/rays
    Flower Description:
    Small white fragrant flowers with 5-8 petals
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Shape:
    Ovate
    Palmasect
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves 4-6 × 1.5-3 inches and vary from narrowly elliptic to broadly ovate. The apex is acute to mucronate and the base rounded or subcuneate to subcordate. Margins are entire to slightly undulate and occasionally palmately lobed on young plants. Fall color is a muted yellow
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Gray
    Bark Description:
    The bark is smooth and grey.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Surface:
    Hairy (pubescent)
    Stem Description:
    Branchlets pubescent when young, later glabrous
  • Landscape:
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Specimen