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Agalinis purpurea

Phonetic Spelling
ag-uh-LY-nus pur-PUR-ee-uh
Description

Purple Gerardia is a native annual found in woodlands, roadsides and open areas in Canada and the U.S.A. It is native to all areas of NC. The pink or purple tubular flowers are produced in abundance in late summer to fall and are visited by bees. It will reseed itself in the garden.

This plant prefers sun to light shade in acidic, moist, sandy peaty soils. It will tolerate most soils if they are well-drained. Use in native gardens, naturalized or woodland areas.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#purple flowers#pink flowers#NC native#native garden#woodland#native annual#food source fall#food source herbage#Coastal FACW#Piedmont Mountains FACW#butterfly larvae#larval host#audubon
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#purple flowers#pink flowers#NC native#native garden#woodland#native annual#food source fall#food source herbage#Coastal FACW#Piedmont Mountains FACW#butterfly larvae#larval host#audubon
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Agalinis
    Species:
    purpurea
    Family:
    Orobanchaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Annual
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Central Canada, central and eastern U.S.A., Cuba, Cayman Islands
    Wildlife Value:
    This plant is a larval host for butterflies. Bees visit the flowers.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Annual
    Native Plant
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Prostrate
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
  • Fruit:
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    Round capsules that split open on top and have numerous tiny seeds that are dispersed by the wind in September to November.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Raceme
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Flower Shape:
    Tubular
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    1 inch wide and long tubular flowers with 5 spreading petals in pink and purple have a whitish throat with purple spots. They bloom from August to October.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Linear
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Dark green leaves are linear and 1-3 inches long with a prominent midrib and entire margins.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Surface:
    Smooth (glabrous)
    Stem Description:
    Dark green stems are grooved and hairless.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Small groups
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Butterflies