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Big Leaf Maple Acer macrophyllum

Other Common Name(s):

Description

Bigleaf Maple is a tree found on the west coast of North America from Alaska, through British Columbia, and the west coast of the U.S.A.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#large shade tree#wildlife plant#large leaves#squirrels#small mammals#chipmunks#milky sap#yellow fall color#food source fall
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#large shade tree#wildlife plant#large leaves#squirrels#small mammals#chipmunks#milky sap#yellow fall color#food source fall
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Acer
    Species:
    macrophyllum
    Family:
    Sapindaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Wood is used to make furniture, cabinets and flooring.
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Western Canada and U.S.A.
    Wildlife Value:
    Deer and elk browse on saplings. Fruits provide food for small mammals and birds.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 40 ft. 0 in. - 75 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 40 ft. 0 in. - 75 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Maintenance:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    6a, 6b, 7a, 7b
  • Fruit:
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Samara
    Fruit Length:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    Two-winged samara 1 1/2" long
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Insignificant
    Raceme
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Description:
    Chain-like racemes of green-yellow tiny flowers contrast against the darker green of the leaves.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Largest leaves of any maple petioles contain a milky sap.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Dark Gray
    Red/Burgundy
    Bark Description:
    Gray to red-brown
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Woodland
    Design Feature:
    Shade Tree
    Attracts:
    Small Mammals
    Songbirds