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Virginia Threeseed Mercury Acalypha virginica

Other Common Name(s):

Description

Virginia Copperleaf is a summer annual weed in the spurge family but lacks the milky sap many spurges have. It is found in disturbed areas, meadows, fields, shores of rivers or lakes and woodlands. Although it is considered weedy it isn't invasive. The taproot is fairly easy to pull up if it turns up in your garden. Birds will eat the seeds and deer browse the leaves.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#birds#drought tolerant#weed#weedy#summer annual weed#deer damage#warm season weed#native weed
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#birds#drought tolerant#weed#weedy#summer annual weed#deer damage#warm season weed#native weed
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Acalypha
    Species:
    virginica
    Family:
    Euphorbiaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Annual
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Central and Eastern U.S.A.
    Distribution:
    USA: AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MO, MS, NC, NE, NH, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, VT, WV Canada: ON
    Wildlife Value:
    Birds eat the seeds and deer browse the leaves.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Annual
    Native Plant
    Weed
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
  • Fruit:
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    3-celled seed capsule with each cell of the capsule containing a single ovoid-oblongoid seed
  • Flowers:
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Insignificant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Flower Description:
    Male and female flowers on the same plant. Both grow from the bracts in the leaf axil. Bracts are green, hairy, and palmately lobed (10-15 lobes) with ciliate along their margins. Within each bract, a spike of staminate flowers develops. Spike is 3/4 inch long and individual flowers are less than 1/8 inch. 1-3 sessile pistillate flowers also form within the bract and are largely hidden from view. Each pistillate flower is about ΒΌ" across. Pollinated by the wind.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Leaf Margin:
    Crenate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves are medium green and up to 3 inches long and 1 inch across. They are lanceolate and crenate with widely spaced blunt teeth to nearly smooth. The upper surfaces are sparsely canescent, sparsely covered with appressed hairs, or hairless. They grow closer together at the top of the stem giving it a flat-topped look.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Form:
    Straight
    Stem Surface:
    Hairy (pubescent)
    Stem Description:
    The mostly unbranched stems are light to medium green, terete, and moderately covered with hairs
  • Landscape:
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought