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Korean Fir Abies koreana

Phonetic Spelling
AY-bees kor-ee-AH-nah
Description

Korean Fir is an evergreen with needles that have an attractive silver underside.  They are more tolerant of alkaline soils and heat tolerant than most firs, but prefers cool locations.  Plant in full sun to partial shade in moist well drained soil. It grows slowly and after about ten years it will cast dense shade. It will not tolerate compacted soil or air pollution.  It dislikes wet feet and is often damaged by deer.  

It is commonly used as an ornamental yard tree and screen and can also be used as a Christmas Tree.  Because it has a shallow root system it is easy to transplant.  shallow root system.

Texture: fine to medium

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: Disease problems include root rot, needle rust and twig blight.

 

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Aurea'
  • 'Blauer Eskimo'
  • 'Horstmann's Siberlocke'
    Rolled foliage showing silver undersides
  • 'Silver Locke'
  • 'Silver Show'
    Rolled foliage showing silver and bright purple cones
'Aurea', 'Blauer Eskimo', 'Horstmann's Siberlocke', 'Silver Locke', 'Silver Show'
Tags:
#purple#evergreen#full sun#heat tolerant#green#gray leaves#silver leaves#purple flowers#pink flowers#cones#slow growing#pyramidal#conifer#tree#gray-green#transplant#screening
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Aurea'
  • 'Blauer Eskimo'
  • 'Horstmann's Siberlocke'
    Rolled foliage showing silver undersides
  • 'Silver Locke'
  • 'Silver Show'
    Rolled foliage showing silver and bright purple cones
'Aurea', 'Blauer Eskimo', 'Horstmann's Siberlocke', 'Silver Locke', 'Silver Show'
Tags:
#purple#evergreen#full sun#heat tolerant#green#gray leaves#silver leaves#purple flowers#pink flowers#cones#slow growing#pyramidal#conifer#tree#gray-green#transplant#screening
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Abies
    Species:
    koreana
    Family:
    Pinaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    South Korea
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    More heat tolerant than most firs; easy to transplant
    Dimensions:
    Height: 15 ft. 0 in. - 30 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 6 ft. 0 in. - 12 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Horizontal
    Pyramidal
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Fine
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    6-feet-12 feet
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Cream/Tan
    Green
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    Fruit Length:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    This plant has cones. The cones can be light pink to pale, pale green, to dark brown/dark purple (nearly blackened look) with little green parts.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Blue
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Pink, green or crimson flowers in spring; 1 in. cone; blue to violet-purple
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Gray/Silver
    Green
    White
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Long-lasting
    Showy
    Leaf Type:
    Needles
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    This plant has .5 to .75 in. gray green needles with 2 white bands on the underside. The needles can even be bright green.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Dark Gray
    Bark Description:
    Smooth with resin blisters
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    horizontal branches
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Lawn
    Design Feature:
    Screen/Privacy
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Heat
    Wind