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Abies balsamea var. phanerolepis

Previously known as:

  • Abies balsamea subsp. phanerolepis
  • Abies intermedia
Description

Canaan Fir is a needled evergreen tree found in the high elevation mountains of West Virginia and Virginia.  The common name Cannan comes from the Canaan Valley which is located northeast of Elkins, WV.  It is similar to Fraser and Balsam Firs in both appearance and growth rate.  It tolerates wet soils better than other firs though it prefers moist, well-drained loamy soils. Its buds break later than Fraser or Balsam Fir so it is less susceptible to frost damage.  This handsome formal densely branched conical tree makes an ideal accent plant, small grouping, screening or it can be used as a Christmas tree.

More information on Abies balsamea.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#blue green needles#fragrant leaves#accent plant#needled evergreen#screening#small groups#Christmas tree
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#blue green needles#fragrant leaves#accent plant#needled evergreen#screening#small groups#Christmas tree
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Abies
    Species:
    balsamea
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Appalachian Mountains
    Distribution:
    WV, VA
    Dimensions:
    Height: 40 ft. 0 in. - 55 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 20 ft. 0 in. - 25 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Columnar
    Dense
    Pyramidal
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Soil Texture:
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    12-24 feet
    24-60 feet
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gray/Silver
    Purple/Lavender
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Fruit Description:
    Violet cones turn gray-brown when mature
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Blue
    Gray/Silver
    Green
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Showy
    Leaf Type:
    Needles
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    3/4"-1" long flat soft needles dark green above and silvery blue white somatic bands on the underside. The needles are highly fragrant.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Screen/Privacy
    Small groups