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European Silver Fir Abies alba

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
AY-bees AL-ba
Description

Silver Fir is a large needled evergreen in the pine family that is found growing in higher altitude forests in Europe where it was used as a popular Christmas tree.  The silvery-white needles add interesting contrast in the landscape but this tree gets quite large so be sure to have room for its mature size.

Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Green Spiral'
  • 'Pendula'
    Pendulous habit
  • 'Pryamidalis'
  • 'Tortuosa'
Tags:
#evergreen#silver leaves#conifer#needled evergreen#woodland#evergreen tree
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Green Spiral'
  • 'Pendula'
    Pendulous habit
  • 'Pryamidalis'
  • 'Tortuosa'
Tags:
#evergreen#silver leaves#conifer#needled evergreen#woodland#evergreen tree
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Abies
    Species:
    alba
    Family:
    Pinaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Europe
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Drainage:
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    more than 60 feet
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Green
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Length:
    > 3 inches
    Fruit Width:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    No fruits, erect cones which are 4"-7" long 1"-2" wide with 100-200 scales containing two winged seeds. Cones start out bronze-green and disinagrate as they turn dark brown at maturity.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Description:
    No flowers
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Gray/Silver
    Green
    White
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Leaf Type:
    Needles
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Whorled
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    Needle-like, flattened 3/4"-1" long and 08 wide with a notch at the tip. Needles are spaced reguarly along branches in two groups pointing toward branch tip. There are two stomatal lines on the underside. Appear white or silver when viewed from afar.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Gray
    Surface/Attachment:
    Scaly
    Smooth
    Bark Plate Shape:
    Square
    Bark Description:
    Dark gray smooth with resin blisters and square plates when mature
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gray/Silver
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Form:
    Straight
    Stem Surface:
    Hairy (pubescent)
    Stem Description:
    Gray with scaly texture older stems brown rough and pubecent