Plant DetailShow Menu

Zamia integrifolia

Common Name(s):

Previously known as:

  • Palmifolium floridanum
  • Zamia dentata Voigt
  • Zamia floridana
  • Zamia humilis Salisb.
This plant has medium severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Consisting of 60 species, Zamia is a varied genus of the cycad family found in Florida, Caribbean area and tropical South America. Zamia integrifolia L.f. (Z. floridana) is a shrub-like herb with a fleshy underround stem.  In the US it is native to the States of Florida and Georgia.  It prefers well-drained, sandy, moist soils with or without organic matter though it does grow better in more nutrient-dense soils.  It is drought tolerant and tolerates salt spray 

This small ancient cycad supports an endangered butterfly so planting it in mass as a groundcover will help this butterfly though the plants may suffer from larval feeding.  They often recover nicely.  The fleshy seed coat must be removed to start germination.  Stem cuttings from the underground fleshy stem can be used to create new plants.

Cultivars:
Tags:
#butterflies#evergreen#drought tolerant#specimen#wildlife plant#larval food#cones#slow growing#interesting leaves#larval plant#salt spray tolerant#non-flowering#fern-like#palm-like#cycad
Cultivars:
Tags:
#butterflies#evergreen#drought tolerant#specimen#wildlife plant#larval food#cones#slow growing#interesting leaves#larval plant#salt spray tolerant#non-flowering#fern-like#palm-like#cycad
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Zamia
    Species:
    integrifolia
    Family:
    Zamiaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    A source of starch for Native Americans. Also used as an ingredient in Animal Crackers.
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Root Cutting
    Seed
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Georgia to Florida, Bahamas, Cuba, Cayman Islands
    Wildlife Value:
    Larval host for atala butterfly (Eumaeus atala florida) and the echo moth (Sierarctia echo).
    Edibility:
    Processed flour made from the root is not toxic and is made into bread and spaghetti.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 1 ft. 0 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 3 ft. 0 in. - 5 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Ground Cover
    Poisonous
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Arching
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Coarse
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    3 feet-6 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    9a, 9b, 10a, 10b, 11a, 11b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Length:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    Dioecious plants. Male cones are thin. Female cones are broad, erect 3'-6' tall with fleshy, orange-yellow or reddish seeds 1/2"-1" long.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Description:
    non-flowering
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Other/more complex
    Rosulate
    Leaf Shape:
    Linear
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Fern-like pinnately divided leaves 10"-50" long with 5-30 leaflets.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Stem-less
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Design Feature:
    Mass Planting
    Specimen
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought
    Poor Soil
    Problems:
    Poisonous
  • Poison:
    Poison Severity:
    Medium
    Poison Symptoms:
    Headache, vomiting, stomach pain, diarrhea.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Glycoside
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Seeds