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Victoria 'Longwood Hybrid' is often confused with:
Victoria amazonica Victoria amazonica
Victoria cruziana Victoria cruziana
Plants that fill a similar niche:
Canna Flower
Victoria amazonica Victoria amazonica
Nelumbo nucifera Nelumbo nucifera with bees
Victoria 'Longwood Hybrid' has some common insect problems:
Aphids on Ornamental Landscape Plants
Biology and Control of Non-Biting Aquatic Midges

Longwood Hybrid Victoria Lily Victoria 'Longwood Hybrid'

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
vic-TOR-ee-uh LAWNG-wud HAHY-brid
Description

The Victoria 'Longwood Hybrid' is a giant waterlily, a hybrid between two species of the Victoria genus (V. amazonica and V. cruziana), and, while a herbaceous perennial, is grown as an annual in North Carolina. Plants will remain perennial as long as water temperatures remain at least 75 degrees F. It is nonviviparous (meaning that it does not germinate while attached to the parent plant) and must be germinated from seed each year. It is free-flowering and withstands wind and cool water temperatures better than others of the Victoria species.  It is not available on the commercial market, but it can be found in a number of botanical gardens.

The plant, named for Queen Victoria and bred by Longwood Gardens, grows best in shallow, quiet waters such as the backwaters of large river systems, 1 to 3 feet deep, in full sun. In tropical areas, plant roots are best anchored in organically rich loams at the bottom of the water body although it will tolerate clay. This species may be grown from seed by planting seed in a pot immersed in water of at least 80 degrees F in late winter. The plant can be transplanted outdoors in late spring or early summer, once the water temperature is consistently in the low 70 degrees F. There should be about 20 feet separating multiple plants and, as the plant grows, you should remove any old leaves. Avoid splashing water, water currents and/or heavy winds.

The plant is famous for its enormous, platter-like leaves, which can grow 4 to 6 feet in diameter and are supported by large spongy veins. The leaves have upturned edges and the leaf underside (and stem) are covered in sharp spines, as a possible defense against herbivores such as fish and manatees. Each leaf can get up to 6 ft in diameter, the whole plant spanning as wide as 20 ft total.  Its hybrid vigor gives it deeper green leaves and a taller leaf margin.

The large flowers are night-blooming and open for 2 to 3 days. On the first day, it opens white and emits a sweet pineapple scent and on the second day, it reopens pink. Once a plant matures and begins to flower, it typically will produce additional flowers until the end of the season.  It produces larger, more numerous flowers than non-hybrid species.

Diseases, Insects, and Other Plant Problems:  The plant is susceptible to aphids and false leaf-mining midges.

 

VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Edibles, Bulbs, and Houseplants" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens.   

Profile Video:
See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#sun#showy flowers#annual#white flowers#showy leaves#large leaves#ponds#waterlilies#aquatic plant#edible seeds#ebh#longwood#ebh-g
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#sun#showy flowers#annual#white flowers#showy leaves#large leaves#ponds#waterlilies#aquatic plant#edible seeds#ebh#longwood#ebh-g
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Victoria
    Family:
    Nymphaeaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Annual
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Amazon, hybrid origin
    Edibility:
    Seeds are edible and tea can be made from the leaves.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Water Plant
    Habit/Form:
    Horizontal
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    High
    Texture:
    Coarse
    Appendage:
    Prickles
    Spines
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Soil Drainage:
    Frequent Standing Water
    Available Space To Plant:
    12-24 feet
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    10b, 10a, 11b, 11a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Description:
    Fleshy berry. Seeds are edible.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Head
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Cup
    Flower Petals:
    more than 20 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    > 6 inches
    Flower Description:
    Buds are oval calyx is covered in spines. Up to 12 inch in diameter white blooms open on one July or August night then change to pink on the following night. Flowers bloom at night, but each flower typically lasts only 2-3 days.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Orange
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Feel:
    Leathery
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Other/more complex
    Rosulate
    Leaf Shape:
    Orbicular
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Four to six foot lily pads with up-turned reddish edges that have raised veins and spines on the undersides. Leaves are yellowish-green above and coppery red beneath, with each leaf having a distinctive, continuous vertical edge (typically to 2-4” high). When young, the surface is crinkly, smoothing out as the leaf matures and expands.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Pond
    Landscape Theme:
    Rain Garden
    Water Garden
    Design Feature:
    Specimen
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Wet Soil