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Valeriana officinalis

Phonetic Spelling
vah-ler-ee-AH-nah oh-fiss-ih-NAH-liss
Description

Valerian is easily grown in average garden soils in full to part sun. Its preference is full sun, consistently moist conditions, and soil consisting of fertile loam but can adapt to less ideal circumstances. It is a non-native herb that has escaped cultivation and has spread primarily in the northern US as it prefers cooler weather and abundant rainfall. It spreads by rhizomes and seeds and can be weedy. It is listed as a noxious weed in Connecticut and Wisconsin.

It is grown medicinally for the sedative effects of the drug valerian that is obtained from the roots. Other uses are in foods, perfumes and teas.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#fragrant#butterflies#sun#showy flowers#deciduous#herbs#weedy#cut flowers#borders#cutting garden#edible garden
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#fragrant#butterflies#sun#showy flowers#deciduous#herbs#weedy#cut flowers#borders#cutting garden#edible garden
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Valeriana
    Species:
    officinalis
    Family:
    Caprifoliaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Europe, Asia
    Distribution:
    Northern USA and Canada
    Wildlife Value:
    Deer resistant
    Edibility:
    Roots for flavoring and as a tranquilizing herbal medicine
    Dimensions:
    Height: 3 ft. 0 in. - 5 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 0 in. - 2 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Herb
    Perennial
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Description:
    Winged seeds are spread by the wind
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Umbel
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Good Cut
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Star
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Fragrant, white or pale pink flowers that are arranged in umbels 2-5 inches across. Each flower measures 0.2 in. and blooms June through August.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Linear
    Pinnatifid
    Leaf Margin:
    Dentate
    Entire
    Lobed
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Forms a clump of basal foliage from which a stem arises with pairs of leaves occurring primarily in the lower 1/2 of the stem. These leaves are odd-pinate with 4-9 pairs of leaflets and a terminal one. Leaves are up to 8 inches long with 4-9 pairs of deep lobes and a terminal lobe. The leaflets are linear in shape with a smooth upper green surface and paler undersurface that is either smooth or slightly hairy.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    Yes
    Stem Form:
    Straight
    Stem Surface:
    Hairy (pubescent)
    Stem Description:
    Stems are generally pubescent, especially at the nodes and hollow.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Landscape Theme:
    Cutting Garden
    Edible Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Butterflies