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Black Highbush Blueberry Vaccinium fuscatum

Other Common Name(s):

Previously known as:

  • Vaccinium atrococcum
Phonetic Spelling
vak-SIN-ee-um FUS-kah-tum
Description

Black Highbush Blueberries are a deciduous shrub in the heath family native to North America.  It can be distinguished from other high bush blueberries by the hairs and dingy color of the underside of its leaves and it dark fruits that lack a white (glaucous) coating.  

Habitat: Bogs, pocosins, swamps, also in uplands

 

 

More information on Vaccinium.

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Tags:
#deciduous#fall color#deciduous shrub#native shrub#upright#NC native#pollinator plant#larval host plant#food source summer#food source herbage#food source nectar#food source pollen#Piedmont Mountains FAC#Coastal FACW#bird friendly#mammals#food source soft mast fruit#butterfly friendly#audubon
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#fall color#deciduous shrub#native shrub#upright#NC native#pollinator plant#larval host plant#food source summer#food source herbage#food source nectar#food source pollen#Piedmont Mountains FAC#Coastal FACW#bird friendly#mammals#food source soft mast fruit#butterfly friendly#audubon
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Vaccinium
    Species:
    fuscatum
    Family:
    Ericaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    North America
    Wildlife Value:
    Attracts birds. Is a host plant for butterfly larvae.
    Edibility:
    Fruits are highly edible fresh or cooked.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 3 ft. 0 in. - 12 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 3 ft. 0 in. - 10 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Native Plant
    Shrub
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Multi-stemmed
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Drainage:
    Occasionally Dry
    Occasionally Wet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Black
    Blue
    Green
    Pink
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Green ripening to black fruit displays from June to August. No glaucus coating unlike other blueberry fruits.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Green
    Pink
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Raceme
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Bell
    Urn
    Flower Petals:
    fused petals
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Early spring white bell-shaped flowers bloom on axillary racemes from February to May.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Orange
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Description:
    Undersides of leaves are dingy and hairy. Veins raised and visible on the underside.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Green
    Light Brown
    Surface/Attachment:
    Exfoliating
    Bark Description:
    New wood is green while older wood is brown with exfoliating bark.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    May turn red in winter
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Edible Garden
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Small Mammals
    Songbirds