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Uvularia sessilifolia

Phonetic Spelling
oo-voo-LAR-ee-a ses-ee-lee-FOH-lee-uh
Description

Wild Oats is a native wildflower with interesting foliage and flowers. It can be used as a ground cover in shade or part shade areas as the roots spread by stolons. It prefers moist, rich, acidic soils with high humus content and good drainage but can be adaptable to to other soil types. The flowers are yellow or cream and hang in an elongated bell shape.

Cover with a layer of leaves in winter and do not remove them in the spring to increase humus to the soil. It is difficult to transplant due to its long underground stem.

 

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: No serious insect or disease problems though young plants can be damaged by slugs.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#partial shade#wildlife plant#shade tolerant#nectar plant#specialized bees#native garden#groundcover#pollinator plant#wildflower garden#audubon
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#partial shade#wildlife plant#shade tolerant#nectar plant#specialized bees#native garden#groundcover#pollinator plant#wildflower garden#audubon
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Uvularia
    Species:
    sessilifolia
    Family:
    Colchicaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Root Cutting
    Seed
    Distribution:
    AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , ND , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , VA , VT , WI , WV Canada: NB , NS , ON
    Wildlife Value:
    Supports specialized bee: Andrena (Derandrena) uvulariae.
    Edibility:
    Young shoots are said to have a flavor reminiscent of asparagus. Tea made from the roots has been used to treat diarrhea and other ailments.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Wildflower
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Maintenance:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Green
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    The fruit is a ¾ to 1¼ inch long capsule, generally oval to round with an abrupt point at the tip and tapering at the base to a short stalk. There are 3 distinct winged edges around the capsule.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Cream/Tan
    Gold/Yellow
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Head
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Bell
    Flower Petals:
    6 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    1 in. pale yellow or cream flowers hang bell-like on short stems singly or rarely in pairs.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    White
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    In early spring the stalkless leaves may look grass-like, up to 3 inches long and 1 inch wide, tapering to a point at both ends. The edges are smooth and often rolled up but flatten and spread out with maturity. The undersides are pale to whitish.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden
    Shade Garden
    Design Feature:
    Mass Planting
    Attracts:
    Pollinators
    Specialized Bees