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Tsuga canadensis 'Jeddeloh'

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
SU-ga ka-na-DEN-sis
Description

Tsuga canadensis is an evergreen conifer in the pine family that does best in a shady location that is also protected from winds.  It can be grown in full sun, but cannot tolerate hot afternoon sun.  In its natural habitat, it can be found in moist woods and slopes, hillsides, and ravines.  Intolerant of drought, be sure to water well.  

Its showy lime green needles along with its cones are the smallest in the genus.  

'Jeddeloh' is a dwarf, spreading cultivar that often has a depression or funnel shape in the center of the plant that may resemble a bird's nest.  Slow to mature, it can take up to 10 years to reach a maturity of 15" tall by 20" wide.   It will continue to grow, eventually reaching 2-3' tall and 3-4' wide. The showy bright green needles are arranged in a spiral on the stems.  Established plants may boast small cones up to 1/2". 

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  Possible problems include needle blight, canker, rusts, and rots.  The survival of this plant in the wild is jeopardized by an insect known as the hemlock woolly adelgid.  This insect has damaged a vast majority of wild plants.  Lessor problem insects are bagworms, borers, leaf miners, sawfly, and spider mites.  

 

VIDEO Created by Elizabeth Meyer for "Trees, Shrubs and Conifers" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens.

More information on Tsuga canadensis.

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Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#winter interest#wasps#cpp#deer resistant#shade#non-toxic for horses#non-toxic for dogs#non-toxic for cats
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#winter interest#wasps#cpp#deer resistant#shade#non-toxic for horses#non-toxic for dogs#non-toxic for cats
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Tsuga
    Species:
    canadensis
    Family:
    Pinaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Play Value:
    Buffer
    Screening
    Textural
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Deer, heavy shade
    Dimensions:
    Height: 2 ft. 0 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 3 ft. 0 in. - 4 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Dense
    Pyramidal
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Fine
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    3 feet-6 feet
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4b, 4a, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7b, 7a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Cream/Tan
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    3/4" cones contain seeds.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Leaf Type:
    Needles
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Whorled
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    Bright lime green needles with feathery arching tips. Its lacy foliage make a graceful picture.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Rock Garden
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Foundation Planting