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Louisiana Wakerobin Trillium ludovicianum

Other Common Name(s):

Description

Louisiana Trillium is a herbaceous perennial native to La, AL, and MS  and is found in mixed pine-beech woods, steep ravine slopes leading to floodplains, and the low flatwoods and floodplains along streams. It is a sessile trillium with dark red, purple, or dark green 3 petaled flowers held above the mottled large bracts.

Trilliums slowly spread by underground rhizomes and are attractive planted in groups under trees in humus-rich moist well-drained soils in part to full sun.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  No serious problems.  Slugs and snails are occasional pests and leaf spot, rust and smut are occasional disease problems. It does not transplant well.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#purple flowers#red flowers#moths#shade tolerant#spring flowers#dappled shade#stream banks#groundcover#groups#naturalized area#ants#pollinators#woodlands#mottled leaves
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#purple flowers#red flowers#moths#shade tolerant#spring flowers#dappled shade#stream banks#groundcover#groups#naturalized area#ants#pollinators#woodlands#mottled leaves
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Trillium
    Species:
    ludovicianum
    Family:
    Melanthiaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    SE USA
    Distribution:
    AL, LA, MS
    Dimensions:
    Height: 1 ft. 0 in. - 2 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 0 in. - 2 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Perennial
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8b, 8a, 9b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Capsule
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    6-sided berry-like capsule with seeds that are dispersed by ants in the summer.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Green
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Solitary
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Cup
    Star
    Flower Petals:
    2-3 rays/petals
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    The sessile (stemless) flower has the odor of carrion and 3 petals held above the sepals that are red to purple to reddish-green. They are 1-1.5 inches long. Blooms March to April
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Green
    Variegated
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Whorled
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Undulate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    The leaves that are actually bracts, are sessile (stemless) and strongly mottled in dark and bronzy green, often with a central light strip and may fade with age. They are lanceolate-ovate, 2-3.5 × 1-2 inches, not glossy with margins entire to wavy. Appear in 3's in a whorled pattern.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Cross Section:
    Round
    Stem Surface:
    Smooth (glabrous)
    Stem Description:
    Green to reddish stem
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Riparian
    Slope/Bank
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Shade Garden
    Design Feature:
    Mass Planting
    Small groups
    Attracts:
    Moths
    Pollinators