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Syringa villosa

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
si-RING-gah vil-OH-suh
Description

This plant is a dense shrub with a rounded habit, erect or ascending with stiff branches. It grows best with good air circulation in organically rich, moist, slightly acidic soils with good drainage. Villosa lilac does not do well in sandy soil, dry or poorly drained sites and prefers a soil pH - 5.5 to 8.0. It is less drought-tolerant than the Common Lilac (Syringa vulgaris) and does not tolerate standing water.

This plant is cold tolerant but flower buds that emerge early can get hit by a late frost. It is not as intensely fragrant as Syringa vulgaris. It produces new shoots from the base of old stems so it should not be pruned except to lightly shape. 

It is somewhat resistant to mildew, scales, and borers but is susceptible to blights, leaf spots, wilt, and ring spot virus. Insect pests include scales, borers, leaf miners and caterpillars.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#sun#showy flowers#deciduous#fragrant flowers#white flowers#shrub#pink flowers#partial sun#medicinal#low maintenance#cottage garden#moist soil#well-drained soil#dense#cool temperatures#rounded#alkaline soil tolerant#asian garden#erect#urban conditions tolerant#hedge#ascending#butterfly friendly
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#sun#showy flowers#deciduous#fragrant flowers#white flowers#shrub#pink flowers#partial sun#medicinal#low maintenance#cottage garden#moist soil#well-drained soil#dense#cool temperatures#rounded#alkaline soil tolerant#asian garden#erect#urban conditions tolerant#hedge#ascending#butterfly friendly
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Syringa
    Species:
    villosa
    Family:
    Oleaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Leaves and fruit are used to make a tonic for the treatment of sore throats.
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Northern China and Mongolia, far eastern Russia
    Wildlife Value:
    It provides cover for birds. The flowers are a late spring source of pollen and nectar for bees and other insects.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 6 ft. 0 in. - 10 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 6 ft. 0 in. - 10 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Ascending
    Dense
    Erect
    Rounded
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Coarse
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil pH:
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    6-feet-12 feet
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Fruit Description:
    Brown capsules located at the terminal tips of branches
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Panicle
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Good Cut
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Cross
    Trumpet
    Tubular
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Rosy lilac to white flowers on 4-8" dense pyramidal panicle on current season's growth.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Insignificant
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Cordate
    Elliptical
    Oblong
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Dull, dark green leaves, 2-7" long, usually pubescent near the midrib, rarely glabrous, veins impressed.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Light Brown
    Light Gray
    Bark Description:
    Gray to gray-brown when older, smooth with many lenticels, but may become scaly when large.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Walkways
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Asian Garden
    Butterfly Garden
    Cottage Garden
    Cutting Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Screen/Privacy
    Small groups
    Specimen
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Urban Conditions
    Wind