Plant DetailShow Menu

Symphyotrichum novi-belgii

Previously known as:

  • Aster novi-belgii
Phonetic Spelling
sim-fy-oh-TRY-kum NO-vee BEL-gee-eye
Description

New York Aster is a herbaceous perennial in the Asteraceae family that may grow 3 to 5 feet high. Its low growing habit and fall bloom works well as an edge plant in the front of borders, or in rock garden or butterfly gardens. It works well with or a substitute for chrysanthemums.

Fire Risk: This plant has a medium flammability rating. 

Seasons of Interest:

     Blooms: Late Summer to Early Fall; Fruit/Seed/Nut: Late Fall to Winter

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: No serious insect or disease problems but has some susceptibility to powdery mildew.

Quick ID Hints:

  • Numerous heads of purplish flowers
  • Ray flowers conspicuous, violaceous; disc yellow
  • Leaves narrow, auriculate clasping

Blooms late summer to early fall; rapid growth and somewhat invasive in beds; tall cultivars will require staking; utilized in perennial borders, massing, naturalized areas. Prefers full sun, well-drained soils of average fertility; fungal diseases can be a problem. 

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#purple#butterflies#showy flowers#birds#songbirds#perennial#herbs#wildlife plant#wildflowers#nectar plant#native bees#host plant#flowering#small mammals#specialized bees#food source#cpp#edging#fire#medium flammability#NC native#native garden#rock garden#pollinator plant#native wildflower#fantz#boarders#larval host plant#food source winter
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#purple#butterflies#showy flowers#birds#songbirds#perennial#herbs#wildlife plant#wildflowers#nectar plant#native bees#host plant#flowering#small mammals#specialized bees#food source#cpp#edging#fire#medium flammability#NC native#native garden#rock garden#pollinator plant#native wildflower#fantz#boarders#larval host plant#food source winter
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Symphyotrichum
    Species:
    novi-belgii
    Family:
    Asteraceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    E. Canada to NE. U.S.A.
    Fire Risk Rating:
    medium flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    Host plant for the Pearl Crescent butterfly. Flowers are attractive to bees and butterflies. Songbirds and small mammals eat the seeds. Members of the genus Symphyotrichum support the following specialized bees: Andrena (Callandrena s.l.) asteris, Andrena (Callandrena s.l.) asteroides, Andrena (Cnemidandrena) hirticincta, Andrena (Cnemidandrena) nubecula, Andrena (Callandrena s.l.) placata, Andrena (Callandrena s.l.) simplex, and Colletes simulans.
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Food Source
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Moderate deer resistance.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 3 ft. 0 in. - 5 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 0 in. - 2 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herb
    Native Plant
    Perennial
    Wildflower
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b
  • Fruit:
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Winter
    Fruit Type:
    Achene
    Fruit Description:
    This wildflower produces a dry seed (achene) that matures in late fall.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Panicle
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    Light purple to pink flowers with a yellow-orange center mature in late summer to early fall. Terminal, heads to 2" diameter; involucral imbricate; pappus conspicuous. With rays conspicuous, numerous, violet-purple disc flowers yellow.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Auriculate
    Lanceolate
    Oblanceolate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    The leaves are alternate with a smooth margin. The stem is only slightly downy. Alternate, simple, sessile, auriculate-clasping, lanceolate to oblanceolate, acute, auriculate to subcordate, entire, hispidulous above to soft-pubescent below.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Rock Garden
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Small Mammals
    Songbirds
    Specialized Bees
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Diseases
    Insect Pests