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Showy Skullcap Scutellaria serrata

Phonetic Spelling
skoot-ul-AIR-ee-uh sair-AY-tuh
Description

Showy Skullcap is a perennial wildflower in the mint family that can be found growing in dry, rich open woods, thickets or clearings, typically on west-facing slopes.  It has showy flowers that bloom after most spring wildflowers have faded.  They are about an inch long with an erect tube, a hood-like upper lip, and a 2-lobed, spreading lower lip. The flowers are usually solitary and located at the top of the stem.  Each stem will contain 8 or fewer pairs of leaves.  The leaves are purple around the margins.

Growing in clumps and patches, it does not spread by stolons or rhizomes.  

Insects, Diseases and Other Plant Problems: No significant diseases or insect damage.  Development, logging, and clearing in mountain forests are a detriment to this plant.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#showy flowers#heat tolerant#drought tolerant#bumblebees#NC native#native wildflower#wildflower garden#food source nectar#food source pollen#food source hard mast fruit#moth larvae#audubon
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#showy flowers#heat tolerant#drought tolerant#bumblebees#NC native#native wildflower#wildflower garden#food source nectar#food source pollen#food source hard mast fruit#moth larvae#audubon
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Scutellaria
    Species:
    serrata
    Family:
    Lamiaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Eastern U.S.A. to Illinois
    Distribution:
    A, DC, FL, KY, MD, MS, NC, JH, NY, OH, PA, SC, TN, VA, WV
    Play Value:
    Buffer
    Screening
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herb
    Native Plant
    Wildflower
    Habit/Form:
    Clumping
    Rounded
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Piedmont
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Cream/Tan
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Description:
    Fruit is available June to July.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Blue
    Purple/Lavender
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Raceme
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    1" violet-blue flowers on terminal raceme. Flowers bloom May through June.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Whorled, oval, stalked 2-4" leaves, coarsely toothed and pointed. Leaf margins are purple.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Form:
    Straight
    Stem Description:
    Smooth stem.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Naturalized Area
    Patio
    Pool/Hardscape
    Slope/Bank
    Small Space
    Walkways
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Native Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Barrier
    Border
    Hedge
    Mass Planting
    Small groups
    Specimen
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Moths
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought
    Heat