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Hyssop Skullcap Scutellaria integrifolia

Phonetic Spelling
skoot-ul-AIR-ee-uh in-teg-rih-FOE-lee-uh
Description

Helmet Skullcap is a perennial wildflower plant in the mint family. It has narrow, pointed leaves, with racemes of blue-purple flowers in late spring into summer. 

It can typically be found in pine woods, low meadows, in forests, roadsides, and savannas.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Woodland Backyard Garden Walk
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#purple#blue#bumblebees#NC native#summer flowers#native garden#native wildflower#wildflower garden#food source herbage#food source nectar#food source pollen#coastal FAC#Piedmont Mountains FACW#bird friendly#food source hard mast fruit#moth larvae#audubon
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#purple#blue#bumblebees#NC native#summer flowers#native garden#native wildflower#wildflower garden#food source herbage#food source nectar#food source pollen#coastal FAC#Piedmont Mountains FACW#bird friendly#food source hard mast fruit#moth larvae#audubon
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Scutellaria
    Species:
    integrifolia
    Family:
    Lamiaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Eastern U.S.A. to Texas
    Dimensions:
    Height: 1 ft. 4 in. - 1 ft. 8 in.
    Width: 0 ft. 8 in. - 1 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Native Plant
    Wildflower
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Drainage:
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    Less than 12 inches
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8b, 8a, 9b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Description:
    Fruits are available July-August.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Blue
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Raceme
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Lipped
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    This plant has 1" purplish-blue, two-lipped flowers, often whitish below. Flowers bloom May-July. The flowers have some hairs on them.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Linear
    Obovate
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves near the top are 1-2", narrow, untoothed and stalkless, while the lower leaves are slender stalked, egg-shaped, and toothed. Some of the top leaves have hairs, but the majority of leaves are not hairy.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Form:
    Straight
    Stem Surface:
    Hairy (pubescent)
    Stem Description:
    Pubescent stem
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Moths
    Pollinators
    Songbirds