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Pinus thunbergii is often confused with:
Pinus nigra Pinus nigra
Plants that fill a similar niche:
Ginkgo biloba Ginkgo biloba
Trachycarpus fortunei Trachycarpus fortunei
Myrica cerifera Myrica cerifera

Japanese Black Pine Pinus thunbergii

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
PY-nus thun-BER-jee-eye
Description

Black Pine is an evergreen, gymnosperm tree that grows 20-50' tall. It has a flat-topped pyramidal form with no prominent central leader. As it ages, it will be irregular and asymmetrical, with a spreading crown with pendulous branches. This specimen is noted for its silky whitish candle-like terminal buds. The contrast with the foliage gives an interesting look. Young foliage candles are upright.  A dense plant that serves as a great screening.  It's very tolerant of salt spray and transplants easily. This plant is commonly misidentified as P. nigra in trade, a species easily distinguished by acentral leader and spring candles. It is utilized in coastal areas and seashore plantings, reclaiming dunes, and as a specimen plant. This plant prefers full sun and moist, well-drained, fertile soils. It is tolerant of sand, heat, drought, salt. This plant has a medium growth rate.

Though not often, Diplodia tip blight, rusts, cankers, blight and leaf cast are some issues affecting this plants health.  Some pests include pinewood nematodes, caterpillars, sawfly, scale, mealybugs, borers, miners and weevils.

Quick ID Hints:

  • Pine trees with no central leader
  • Needles are in twos, and are medium in length

 

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Oculus Draconis'
    Variegated
  • 'Pygmaea'
    Compact with irregular rounded form
  • 'Shirone Jamone'
    2 bands of golden yellow on each dark green needles
  • 'Thunderhead' Pinus thunbergii 'Thunderhead'
    Bright green needles
  • 'Yatban Sho'
Tags:
#evergreen#heat tolerant#drought tolerant#specimen#showy#bonsai#salt tolerant#playground#deer resistant#screens#children's garden#fantz
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Oculus Draconis'
    Variegated
  • 'Pygmaea'
    Compact with irregular rounded form
  • 'Shirone Jamone'
    2 bands of golden yellow on each dark green needles
  • 'Thunderhead' Pinus thunbergii 'Thunderhead'
    Bright green needles
  • 'Yatban Sho'
Tags:
#evergreen#heat tolerant#drought tolerant#specimen#showy#bonsai#salt tolerant#playground#deer resistant#screens#children's garden#fantz
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Pinus
    Species:
    thunbergii
    Family:
    Pinaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Japan and South Korea
    Dimensions:
    Height: 20 ft. 0 in. - 50 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 12 ft. 0 in. - 25 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Pyramidal
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    Very Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    more than 60 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Winter
    Fruit Description:
    Female cones are short-stalked to subsessile, ovoid to conical, small, 1.5-3" long and 1.3-1.8" wide, shiny light brown, and they have a depressed umbo.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Insignificant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    1.5 to 2.5 in. solitary or clustered cones
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Rough
    Leaf Type:
    Needles
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves are needles clustered on dwarf shoots (fascicles) in twos, they are medium in length (2.5-5" long), stiff and rigid, pointed, margins serrulate, and lustrous dark green in color.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Gray
    Surface/Attachment:
    Ridges
    Bark Description:
    Dark gray or purple-gray, scaly and fissured longitudinally
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Surface:
    Smooth (glabrous)
    Stem Description:
    Light brown with many bracts, becomes glabrous and possibly ridged. Twigs bear appressed scale leaves that are light brown, becoming blackish-gray with age, bearing axillary fascicles of needles. Candles form in fall and over winter become elongated. Buds are ovoid-cylindrical, acute, scales non-resinous, apices free, grayish-fimbriated.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Lawn
    Meadow
    Patio
    Recreational Play Area
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Children's Garden
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Border
    Foundation Planting
    Small groups
    Specimen
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Drought
    Salt