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Picea abies

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
PY-see-uh A-bees
Description

Picea abies has a pyramidal habit with a strong central leader and pendulous branches. It is an evergreen gymnosperm tree that grows up to 75'. Juvenile growth form is elliptical-columnar, has spreading branches, and become pyramidal with branchlets pendulous. This tree has a shallow root system and prefers moderately moist, well-drained, acidic soils. It prefers a cool climate and would be best suited for a northern climate. Picea abies dislikes heat, wet feet, and hot, dry summers with full sun to very light shade. Its texture is fine to medium, and the tree has a medium growth rate. They prefer moist well drained acidic soils and are Native to Norway. This plant is utilized as windbreaks, specimens, accent plants, and Christmas trees. Numerous dwarf forms of this plant exist. It is a majestic tree with pendulous lateral branchlets. This plant is susceptible to borers, budworms, red spiders, and spruce gall aphids.

Quick ID Hints:

  • Gymnosperm with long sword-shaped leaves
  • Leaves are deep to dark green in color; non-grayish

 

 

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Aurea'
  • 'Conica sport'
  • 'Cranstonii'
  • 'Doversi pendula'
  • 'Fluke'
  • 'Inversa'
  • 'Pendula'
Tags:
#evergreen#sun#full sun#needles#dark green#temperate#conifer#tree#low maintenance#winter interest#tsc#air pollution tolerant#fast growing#well-drained soil#needled evergreen#dense#non-flowering#spruce#Braham Arboretum#fantz#bird friendly
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Aurea'
  • 'Conica sport'
  • 'Cranstonii'
  • 'Doversi pendula'
  • 'Fluke'
  • 'Inversa'
  • 'Pendula'
Tags:
#evergreen#sun#full sun#needles#dark green#temperate#conifer#tree#low maintenance#winter interest#tsc#air pollution tolerant#fast growing#well-drained soil#needled evergreen#dense#non-flowering#spruce#Braham Arboretum#fantz#bird friendly
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Picea
    Species:
    abies
    Family:
    Pinaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Europe
    Wildlife Value:
    This tree attracts birds.
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Food Source
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    air pollution, deer
    Dimensions:
    Height: 40 ft. 0 in. - 74 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 25 ft. 0 in. - 30 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Dense
    Pyramidal
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Fruit Length:
    > 3 inches
    Fruit Width:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    4-6 in chestnut brown pendulous cones with thin scales that are irregularly toothed and cylindrical. Cone color may include: pink and brown. Cones are 4-6" long and 1-2" in diameter.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Purple/Lavender
    Flower Description:
    Yellow-brown male flowers and purple female flowers.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Leaf Type:
    Needles
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves are alternate, glossy, dense, radial, saber-shaped, stiff, pectinate with those on upper side of twigs pointed forward, overlapping those below spreading to the right angles from exposed twigs, incurved apically, have lateral sides with 2-3 stomalal bands, are dark green in color, and up to an inch long.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Light Brown
    Light Gray
    Red/Burgundy
    Surface/Attachment:
    Exfoliating
    Bark Description:
    Red-brown and scaly bark which turn grey and like flaking plates .
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Specimen
    Attracts:
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Pollution