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Picea abies

Common Name(s):

Description

Picea abies has a pyramidal habit with a strong central leader and pendulous branches. This tree has a shallow root system and prefers moderately moist, well-drained soil. It prefers a cool climate and would be best suited for a northern climate. Picea abies dislikes heat, wet feet, and hot, dry summers. Its texture is fine to medium, and the tree grows moderate to rapid. They prefer moist well drained acidic soils and are Native to Norway.

 

 

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Aurea'
  • 'Cranstonii'
  • 'Doversi pendula'
  • 'Fluke'
  • 'Inversa'
Tags:
#evergreen#sun#birds#full sun#needles#dark green#temperate#conifer#tree#low maintenance#winter interest#tsc#rapid growth#air pollution tolerant#well-drained soil#grows fast#needled evergreen#dense#non-flowering#spruce#Braham Arboretum
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Aurea'
  • 'Cranstonii'
  • 'Doversi pendula'
  • 'Fluke'
  • 'Inversa'
Tags:
#evergreen#sun#birds#full sun#needles#dark green#temperate#conifer#tree#low maintenance#winter interest#tsc#rapid growth#air pollution tolerant#well-drained soil#grows fast#needled evergreen#dense#non-flowering#spruce#Braham Arboretum
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Picea
    Species:
    abies
    Family:
    Pinaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Europe
    Wildlife Value:
    This tree attracts birds.
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Food Source
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    air pollution, deer
    Dimensions:
    Height: 40 ft. 0 in. - 120 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 25 ft. 0 in. - 30 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Dense
    Pyramidal
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Pink
    Fruit Length:
    > 3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    4-6 in chestnut brown pendulous cones with thin scales that are irregularly toothed. Cone color may include: pink and brown.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Purple/Lavender
    Flower Description:
    Yellow-brown male flowers and purple female flowers.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Leaf Type:
    Needles
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    Picea abies has 0.5-1 in., glossy green needles that are stiff and dense. There are 2-3 lines on lower side. The needles maintains color in winter.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Light Brown
    Light Gray
    Red/Burgundy
    Surface/Attachment:
    Exfoliating
    Bark Description:
    Red-brown and scaly bark which turn grey and like flaking plates .
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Winter Garden
    Attracts:
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Pollution