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Green Bean Phaseolus vulgaris

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
FAZ-ee-oh-lus vul-GAIR-iss
This plant has medium severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Phaseolus vulgaris, commonly referred to as beans, is a heavily hybridized garden vegetable that may take a climbing, trailing, or bush-like form. Native to the tropical regions of the Americas, Phaseolus vulgaris prefers full sun and fertile, well-drained soils. 

Phaseolus vulgaris is a great addition to a home vegetable garden. While it depends on the variety, seedlings should be transplanted once the first true leaves have emerged and individual plants should be spaced between 6”-3’ apart. 

Phaseolus is commercially divided into four categories, including wax beans, dry beans, shelling beans, and popping beans. All are ecologically beneficial as they can affix nitrogen in the soil through mycorrhizae, a symbiotic relationship between plants and rhizobia. 

Pests, Insects, and Other Plant Problems: No serious problems

 

VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Edibles, Bulbs, and Houseplants" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens.   

Profile Video:
See this plant in the following landscape:
Vegetable Garden and Pollinator Plants
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Rattlesnake'
    Pole Snap Bean
'Rattlesnake'
Tags:
#sun#full sun#annual#edible plant#white flowers#pink flowers#red flowers#yellow flowers#legume#climbing#mass planting#high maintenance#seeds#fast growing#well-drained soil#creeping#nitrogen fixation#full sun flowers#organic soils#vines#climbing vines#full sunlight#vegetable garden#yellow fruits#edible landscaping#creeper#climber#seed pods#rich soil#annuals#dried#annual flowers#green fruits#edible fruits#sunshine#seedpods#edible seeds#vegetable#edible garden#garden#green leaves#edible#purple fruits#dried fruits#annual vegetable#white fruits#flowering vine#vine#small groups#seed#warm season vegetable#ebh-vh#flowering#flower#sun tolerant#edible legume#flowers#edible fruit
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Rattlesnake'
    Pole Snap Bean
'Rattlesnake'
Tags:
#sun#full sun#annual#edible plant#white flowers#pink flowers#red flowers#yellow flowers#legume#climbing#mass planting#high maintenance#seeds#fast growing#well-drained soil#creeping#nitrogen fixation#full sun flowers#organic soils#vines#climbing vines#full sunlight#vegetable garden#yellow fruits#edible landscaping#creeper#climber#seed pods#rich soil#annuals#dried#annual flowers#green fruits#edible fruits#sunshine#seedpods#edible seeds#vegetable#edible garden#garden#green leaves#edible#purple fruits#dried fruits#annual vegetable#white fruits#flowering vine#vine#small groups#seed#warm season vegetable#ebh-vh#flowering#flower#sun tolerant#edible legume#flowers#edible fruit
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Phaseolus
    Species:
    vulgaris
    Family:
    Fabaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Annual
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Tropical America
    Play Value:
    Edible fruit
    Wildlife Food Source
    Climbing Method:
    Tendrils
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Annual
    Edible
    Vegetable
    Vine
    Habit/Form:
    Climbing
    Creeping
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    High
    Texture:
    Medium
    Appendage:
    Tendrils
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    6-feet-12 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b, 11a, 11b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Purple/Lavender
    White
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Good Dried
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Legume
    Fruit Length:
    > 3 inches
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    The boat-shaped seed pods are bilaterally symmetrical and can be green, yellow, white, or purple at maturity. Wide variety in color and shape between cultivars.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Pink
    Red/Burgundy
    White
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Irregular
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Flowers are bilaterally symmetrical, pea-like, and can be shades of yellow, white, pink, or red.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Leaf Shape:
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Ternate in shape; three broadly ovate leaflets per leaf.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Vertical Spaces
    Landscape Theme:
    Edible Garden
    Design Feature:
    Mass Planting
    Small groups
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Medium
    Poison Symptoms:
    The raw or undercooked beans (especially kidney beans) cause severe nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Usually resolves within a few hours.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Phytohaemagglutinin, a lectin
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Seeds